Ever wonder about the largest state in America? We’re not talking about Texas! Alaska, our icy state bordered by the Arctic Ocean and Canada is the biggest in area. It was also the forty-ninth state, bought from the Russian empire for only two cents an acre, which means it cost about $7.2 million dollars.
Alaska has diverse landscape and wildlife. There are glaciers, volcanic islands and many different species of animals living in all parts of the state — even in the cities. Fishing is also very popular given the large salmon population in the Northern Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Alaska.
To discover more about the state, its history and the animals that live there, explore the quiz and galleries below.
All About Alaska
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Question 1 of 10
What is the capital of Alaska?Correct 1 / 1 Points
Juneau is the capital of Alaska. Anchorage is the largest city.Incorrect / 1 Points
Juneau is the capital of Alaska. Anchorage is the largest city.
Question 2 of 10
Alaska is the largest state of the U.S. True or False?Correct 1 / 1 Points
True.Incorrect / 1 Points
Question 3 of 10
Is Alaska considered an enclave or an exclave?Correct 1 / 1 Points
Exclave. An enclave is a political term that describes a state within the contingent United States. Alaska is an exclave because legally it is a part of the U.S. even though it is not geographically connected.Incorrect / 1 Points
Exclave. An enclave is a political term that describes a state within the contingent United States. Alaska is an exclave because legally it is a part of the U.S. even though it is not geographically connected.
Question 4 of 10
Which body of water is NOT adjacent to Alaska?Correct 1 / 1 Points
Hudson Bay is not adjacent to Alaska, its on the eastern coast of Canada. However, the Arctic Ocean, Berring Sea and Chukchi Sea all border Alaska with the Gulf of Alaska, just north of the Pacific Ocean.Incorrect / 1 Points
Hudson Bay is not adjacent to Alaska, its on the eastern coast of Canada. However, the Arctic Ocean, Berring Sea and Chukchi Sea all border Alaska with the Gulf of Alaska, just north of the Pacific Ocean.
Question 5 of 10
Which group of indigenous peoples were once referred to as Eskimo in Alaska?Correct 1 / 1 Points
Yupik, Inuit and Aleut were referred to as Eskimo. Most native people are simply referred to as Inuit or by their particular groups of aboriginals in Canada and Greenland. Apache, Chippewa, Pueblo, Choctaw, Sioux and Iroquois are some of the largest Native American tribes.Incorrect / 1 Points
Yupik, Inuit and Aleut were referred to as Eskimo. Most native people are simply referred to as Inuit or by their particular groups of aboriginals in Canada and Greenland. Apache, Chippewa, Pueblo, Choctaw, Sioux and Iroquois are some of the largest Native American tribes.
Question 6 of 10
The term Inuit replaced Eskimo because:Correct 1 / 1 Points
Eskimo was perjorative, like an ethnic slur. Perjorative terms usually imply a negative effect from the speaker, like any other racial or religious slur.Incorrect / 1 Points
Eskimo was perjorative, like an ethnic slur. Perjorative terms usually imply a negative effect from the speaker, like any other racial or religious slur.
Question 7 of 10
Alaska is categorized by regions, how many are there?Correct 1 / 1 Points
Five. The regions are: Southcentral, Southeastern or Panhandle, Interior, Southwest and Arctic or North Slope.Incorrect / 1 Points
Five. The regions are: Southcentral, Southeastern or Panhandle, Interior, Southwest and Arctic or North Slope.
Question 8 of 10
What is the largest city in Alaska?Correct 1 / 1 Points
Anchorage has the largest population in Alaska with around 280,000 people. Fairbanks and Juneau have around 30,000 each.Incorrect / 1 Points
Anchorage has the largest population in Alaska with around 280,000 people. Fairbanks and Juneau have around 30,000 each.
Question 9 of 10
There are volcanoes in Alaska. True or False?Correct 1 / 1 Points
True. The Aleutian Islands have several active volcanoes.Incorrect / 1 Points
True. The Aleutian Islands have several active volcanoes.
Question 10 of 10
Hawaii has more volcanoes than Alaska. True or False?Correct 1 / 1 Points
False. Alaska has more islands than any other state. The Aleutian Islands are a chain of more than 300 volcanic islands.Incorrect / 1 Points
False. Alaska has more islands than any other state. The Aleutian Islands are a chain of more than 300 volcanic islands.
As one of the most notable cultural events and past times in Alaska, dog sledding has a rich history dating back generations. The Iditarod, a dog sledding race that begins in Anchorage, in South Central Alaska and ends in Nome on the Western Bering Sea coast. The race, which consists of many teams of 12 to 16 dogs and their musher includes one of the toughest courses in the world -- a race over 1150 miles in 10 to 17 days.
According to the Iditarod's website, "The Iditarod Trail, now a National Historic Trail, had its beginnings as a mail and supply route from the coastal towns of Seward and Knik to the interior mining camps at Flat, Ophir, Ruby and beyond to the west coast communities of Unalakleet, Elim, Golovin, White Mountain and Nome. Mail and supplies went in. Gold came out. All via dog sled. Heroes were made, legends were born. "
For those who are visiting Alaska, there are dog sledding tours where you can get a feel for this impressive wilderness competition.
Image Courtesy: BugBog.com
Anchorage is the largest city in Alaska with dynamic seasonal events and recreational activities. The city has a lively economy due to the vast natural resources and maritime location. From fishing salmon, to visiting museums, Anchorage has a ton of stuff to keep people occupied with fun stuff to do all year long.
Also, since Anchorage sits at the base of the Chugach Mountains, there's lots of wildlife in the area, even though it's urban. Did you know there 100,000 glaciers in Alaska? There's even one near Anchorage. The Portage Glacier is 45 miles from downtown and it's one of the most visited sites in the state. Image Courtesy: Alaska-in-pictures.com
Do you love to fish? If you like to fish, or eat it -- Alaska is the place to get your fill. King Salmon, Rainbow Trout and Halibut are some of the species many people catch off the coast and in rivers and lakes depending on the type of fish.
For more information about fishing in Alaska, check out the Department of Fish and Game.
Juneau has been the capital of the state since 1906. It's near Mount Juneau, known historically as a mining destination. Though the city is smaller than Anchorage, it's still as large as Delaware and is the only U.S. capital located on the coast.
Much of the city's economy is based in government, but tourism and fishing are also big aspects. Juneau is a popular spot for cruise ships due to its harbors. In addition to fishing, wildlife and politics, Juneau is home to a professional theater company, symphony, opera and a couple annual music festivals.
Image Courtesy: Alaska-in-pictures.com
Each region of the state has something unique to offer visitors. The southwest area is great for those who enjoy nature, hiking and viewing wildlife. Many brown bears roam this landscape.
Southeastern Alaska is also called the Inside Passage, it has islands, shoreline and has a rich history of gold mining. A more mountainous landscape with glaciers looms in Southcentral Alaska where Anchorage is located.
The Interior is home to Mount McKinley, which rises to 20,320 feet. Western Alaska is known for the Kodiak and Katmai bear populations. It also has many nesting grounds for birds.
The Northern expanse of the state is dubbed, "Arctic Alaska." Fewer people live in this area, however, caribou and polar bears live here. In the North Slope there are many oil companies. According to Alaska.com, "In Barrow, the sun stays up for weeks during the summer, but winter brings a two-month-long night."
The Aleutian Islands are a string of islands in the Norther Pacific Ocean, West of the Alaskan peninsula. There are around 300 volcanic islands that make up this chain, or archipelago. The climate of these islands includes rainfall and fog with cold winters.
The native inhabitants refer to themselves as "Unangan," but some call them "Aleut." Historically, Aleuts are skilled hunters and craftsmen who live in partially underground homes that protect them from the exorbitant rains and winds of the area.
There are many glaciers to visit in Alaska. The Hubbard Glacier is the largest tidewater glacier in North America. Visitors can see glaciers by taking walking, boat, or aerial tours. Exit Glacier is located in Kenai Fjords National Park, near Seward. Sightseeing tours can be found in cities like Valdez, Whittier and Seward for Kenai Fjords National Park.
Glacier Bay National Park, a World Heritage Site, is located west of Juneau. Glacier Bay encompasses protected land and water that is home to diverse wildlife. The retreating glaciers in the park produced the bay and are an attraction unto themselves.
The Kennicott and Root glaciers are located in the state's largest park, Wrangell-St. Elias National Park. Aside from its glaciers, this park is also known for the old copper mining buildings and mountain ranges. The park is near McCarthy, a city east of Anchorage.
Image Courtesy of Wikipedia
Wildlife is an important part of Alaskan culture due to its ecology and cultural history with native peoples. The Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center (AWCC) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to preserving Alaska's wildlife through public education and by protecting animals that are injured or orphaned.
The organization's website, AlaskaWildlife.org has information about animals that live in the state, along with information about preservation and the latest buzz about animals across the web.