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Transcript

Maggie: Hey, everyone! It is Monday, May 13th. I am Maggie Rulli and Channel One News starts right now!

We are wrapping up our in-depth coverage at what could be the next great extinction. But first, there is a growing controversy involving the Internal Revenue Service. Shelby?

Shelby: Dozens of tea party groups were singled out by the IRS after asking to be exempt from taxes.

Senator Susan Collins: It is absolutely chilling that the IRS was singling out conservative groups for extra review.

Shelby: About 75 groups were flagged by the IRS for further review simply because their applications for tax-exempt status contained the words “tea party” or “patriot”.

Jenny Beth Martin: It’s disgusting and it’s disturbing. And it’s an abuse of power.

Shelby: An independent report due out this week is expected to say senior Internal Revenue Service officials knew agents were targeting tea party groups as early as 2011.

House Republicans are demanding a full investigation and the White House seems to agree.

Jay Carney: It certainly does seem to be, based on what we’ve seen, to be inappropriate action that we would want to see thoroughly investigated.

Shelby: The IRS has apologized for what it says was inappropriate targeting of conservative political groups.

Maggie: Thanks, Shelby.

There has been an unbelievable rescue in Bangladesh from the rubble of that collapsed clothing factory.

Evan: Rescuers pulled free a young woman who was buried alive for 17 days. The woman, a seamstress named Reshma, told reporters she feared she would never see daylight again. She was trapped in a Muslim prayer room on the second floor of the 8-story collapsed factory near where crews have been pulling out hundreds of decomposing bodies. She survived on dried food and the little water she could find. She said she banged on the rubble with sticks for days until finally rescuers heard her. Rescuers say, amazingly, she was in very good condition.

There have been large protests over working conditions exposed when the clothing factory caught fire and caved in last month.

The death toll now tops 1,100.

The clothing factory collapse is said to be the world’s worst industrial disaster in nearly thirty years.

Maggie: Thanks, Evan.

That will do it for headlines. So how about our Play of the Week! It is from Friday night’s baseball regionals in Tampa, Florida. And this one is a walk-off!

It is bases loaded, two outs, a full count with number 34 Ricky Caldevilla at bat. He slaps a liner into right field for the win. And the Tampa Jesuit Tigers beat Auburndale and head to the state tournament!

As his happy teammates mob Ricky at first base, let’s see that one more time!

You just can’t write that kind of drama!

Thanks to former intern Lysette Portales for sending that in.

Now, there is just one more chance to make our Play of the Week for this year. So, be sure to send us your best play and you might just make it on the show.

Pakistan is not only the sixth most populated country, it is also a close ally to the United States, especially in the war on terror. That is why Saturday’s national elections in that country matter so much here. Scott Evans has the story.

Scott: Streets in Pakistan were full of celebrations like this…as the results of the country’s landmark elections were coming in and showing Nawaz Sharif comfortably ahead in the race.

Sharif will serve as prime minister for a third time. He was kicked out of office fourteen years ago, when the military took over the country in a coup. Later, a civilian government was voted in to replace the military. This election marks the first time in Pakistan’s history that an elected civilian government will finish its term and then hand power over to another elected civilian government. The Islamic country has been ruled by the military for more than half of its turbulent history.

Voter turnout on Saturday was the highest in more than thirty years. Officials said 60% of the country’s 86 million eligible voters went to the polls despite threats from suicide bomber attacks from the extremist group the Taliban.

Pakistani: I think about 40% of the people, they were all first time voters. They never voted before because they thought a change would never come.

Scott: Prime Minister Sharif had faced a strong challenge from one the country’s biggest celebrities. Imran Khan, a former player on the national cricket team, led that team to their only world championship back in 1992. This time, he lost in his effort to bring in new and younger voices in Pakistan’s government.

Pakistani: He has done everything good for Pakistan, and he has the passion and he has the spirit. And he is right man.

Scott: The millions who voted this past weekend say they are now hoping for progress on everything from battling terrorism to more of a say in their new government.

Scott Evans, Channel One News.

Maggie: Thanks, Scott.

Up next, giraffes, elephants, pandas – we have got the whole zoo! We will see what is going on there to try to save the world.

Over the past month, I have peaked inside beehives, hiked with wolves and met students who have banked, literally, thousands of seeds. In today’s final installment in our series on the sixth great extinction, we are checking out what zoos are doing around the world to help save biodiversity.

Endangered penguins in Madison, Wisconsin; a baby giraffe born in Los Angeles; and rare turtles hatch in Melbourne, Australia – all species being saved by zoos, which have become more than just a place for kids to see animals. Today, many zoos are a vital part of conservation and research, like the San Diego Zoo, which helped in one of the biggest success stories of species conservation. Thanks to drastic conservation efforts, like these breeding pens, the California Condors were brought back from the brink of extinction.

More than thirty years ago, only an estimated 22 California Condors were left in the wild because of illegal hunting and lead poisoning. So, conservationists did something they had never done before. They caught all 22 and started raising and breeding them in captivity. Handlers remove eggs from the condor’s nest so that the animals quickly reproduce. The baby condors are then raised by puppets who look and act exactly like mom. It takes a lot of patience and commitment. But it has paid off. Today, there is more than 400 California Condors, with more than half of those birds living freely in the wild.

Dr. Michael Wallace: If people just behave themselves and learn how to live with condors, condors would love to live with people. When people get a chance to see this fantastic species on their own, it might change their lives a little bit.

Maggie: Other zoos have done similar things to make sure baby animals raised in captivity will one day be prepared to live in the wild. Gladys, a baby gorilla at the Cincinnati Zoo, was temporarily raised by humans wearing a furry vest and making gorilla noises. And zoologists in China dress as giant pandas to help raise their baby panda population in captivity.

Conservation efforts often span the globe. This herd of elephants was rescued from Swaziland. The elephants had outgrown their space at a national park in Africa and were set to be killed but were saved when zoos in California and Florida agreed to take them in.

How important is it to make conservation a global effort?

Dr. Allison Alberts: We feel it’s extremely important to work globally. We are now working in thirty-five countries around the world. And while we can do a lot of work with animals that we have here in our collection, our whole goal is to preserve animals out in the wild in their natural habitats.

Maggie: But zoos have to make tough decisions.

Dr. Alberts: It’s really hard to decide which animals we want to save because, of course, me personally, I would love to save them all. And that’s just not possible because we have limited resources.

Maggie: So, zoos focus those resources on certain species, like umbrella species – big, lovable animals that inspire people to take action to save them, which then helps protect other species.

Dr. Alberts: If we can conserve something like an elephant or a panda, we’re automatically conserving less popular species that share the habitat with that species.

Maggie: And keystone species, plants and animals that play an important and necessary role in the ecosystem, like the cactus in the dessert. Without these species, an ecosystem will most likely crumble.

Zoos can also help save the rarest species, even some that have gone extinct. In this lab at the San Diego Zoo, scientists are freezing the DNA of extinct and near extinct animals. There is hope to use this DNA to bring these animals back to life in the future.

So, could we one day see dinosaurs roaming around? While the future of a real life T. Rex is unknown, the future of our own species depends on biodiversity.

Dr. Alberts: Having wildlife is part of having a healthy planet. And people cannot survive without a healthy planet in the long run.

Maggie: Protecting species biodiversity could mean saving our own species in the process.

Want to find out ways on how you can help preserve biodiversity or just learn more about extinction in general? Join me on Twitter today at 3pm Eastern Time. That is 12 o’clock Pacific. Just use the hashtag C1Chat to ask me any questions.

Well, that is it for us right now but I can’t wait to hear from all of you on Twitter later. Go have an awesome day, guys!

Segment Overview

Today’s Segment

The Sixth Great Extinction: Zoos: Graphing Condor Population
Subject(s): Science; Life Science
Recommended Grade Band(s): 3-5

Learning Objective(s):
Students will draw conclusions about how conservation impacts a species’ population.
Students will make predictions and graph based on data.

Discussion Questions:
What do you think would have happened to the California condors if the zoo had not helped save them?
How does this story make you think differently about zoos?
What are some ways that humans help protect endangered animals?

Teaching Tip:

Whole Class Instruction: Discuss strategy and prediction with students. Before dragging the bars onto the graph, have students:

– talk to a partner about the best way to solve this problem
– predict which year corresponds with the taller bar

Slideshow
this-maybe

When a species is endangered, or at risk of dying out, living in the wild can be dangerous.

Black and white penguin

A zoo in Wisconsin hatched the egg of an endangered African penguin. Meredith, the baby penguin likes to paint!

Gorilla baby

A Zoo in Ohio helped raise Gladys, a baby gorilla, until she was ready to live on her own in the wild.

bigstock-Sleeping-giant-panda-baby-36516478

Zoo workers in China cared for baby pandas by dressing up as adult pandas to help raise them.

Write two or more sentences that explain why zoos play an important role in animal conservation.

How much did you learn about zoos and the conservation of species?

Keywords:  video
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