- Iran Agrees to Limit Nukes
- Disastrous Chemical Spill in West Virginia
- Israel’s Ariel Sharon Dead at 85
- A-Rod’s Record-Breaking Suspension
- Four Years Post-Quake, Haiti Battles Cholera
- Why do you think Iran has agreed to limit its nuclear capabilities after insisting for years that it would never give up its nuclear plans?
- How can we better protect our water supply from leaks like the one in West Virginia?
- Why do you think Ariel Sharon was sometimes called Israel’s “iron fist”?
- Do you think Alex Rodriguez’s suspension is fair? Why or why not?
- Based on what we know about how cholera came to Haiti, what do you think aid workers – and other travelers – should do to make sure they don’t bring illnesses into a country?
- originate (verb): to begin to exist; to start.
- Heard on the air: “The spill originated in a storage container at the Freedom Industries plant.”
- arbitration (noun): a process of settling an argument or disagreement in which the people on both sides present their opinions and ideas to a third person or group.
- Heard on the air: “…They ‘respect Major League Baseball’s Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program, the arbitration process, as well as the decision released.’”
1. What does the Iran deal allow Iran to do?
a. Pursue its nuclear program without limits
b. Build one nuclear warhead
c. Have enough nuclear capability for electricity but not for weapons
d. Begin doing business with other countries
2. What is the consequence of the chemical spill in West Virginia?
a. People can’t use the water for drinking, cooking, bathing or washing clothes.
b. Animals are dying.
c. Soil on farms has been poisoned.
d. The coal plant has been shut down for good.
3. What was Ariel Sharon’s job at the time he went into a coma?
a. Russia’s Prime Minister
b. Egypt’s President
c. Israel’s Prime Minister
d. Jordan’s King
4. Why was Alex Rodriguez suspended from baseball?
a. He called in sick too often.
b. He was late for training camp for two seasons in a row.
c. He gambled on baseball.
d. He used performance-enhancing drugs.
5. Studies have linked which organization with Haiti’s cholera epidemic?
a. Haiti’s Sanitation Department
b. The United Nations
c. The Red Cross
d. A local cattle farm
answer key: 1. c, 2. a, 3. c, 4. d, 5. b
Maggie: Welcome back from the weekend. It is Monday, January 13th. I am Maggie Rulli and Channel One News starts right now!
Let’s take a look at headlines with the team. First up, there is big news about a history-making deal with the country of Iran. Shelby has got that for us.
Shelby: Right, Maggie. Countries like the U.S. had been worried that Iran would develop a nuclear weapon but they hope this new deal will prevent that from happening. Iran and six world powers have hammered out a plan limiting Iran’s nuclear program.
The White House made the big announcement yesterday and added that beginning on January 20th Iran, for the first time, will start getting rid of some of its nuclear power and scale back its program. The deal allows Iran to have enough nuclear capabilities for power but not enough to build weapons.
In November, the countries came to an agreement that Iran would limit its nuclear program and in exchange, the other countries – Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and the United States – would begin to let Iran back onto the world stage and open up business. But they couldn’t agree on how to do that until now.
This is a huge step. The U.S. and Iran have been enemies for nearly thirty years. And Iran has been cut off from much of the world.
Maggie: Next up, we head to West Virginia where some residents don’t have a drop of water in their homes. Tom, what is going on?
Tom: Yeah. Well, hundreds of thousands of residents have gone for nearly five days without usable tap water, and it is all because of a chemical spill.
West Virginia resident: There you go.
Tom: West Virginia residents are filling up jugs and coolers with clean water from tanker trucks and relying on bottled water. About 300,000 people in nine counties were told to turn off their taps last week after a chemical used to process coal leaked from an industrial plant into their water supply, the Elk River.
Jeff McIntyre: Don’t brush your teeth with it, don’t wash with it, don’t shower with it, don’t drink it. You can’t just boil it.
Tom: The spill originated in a storage container at the Freedom Industries plant, about a mile upstream from the state’s largest treatment plant. The company has been ordered to stop receiving further materials and to make repairs.
Now, experts say that it will take days to flush the water system until the amount of chemical is low enough to be considered safe.
Maggie: Thanks for that, Tom.
Alright. Now Jason is here with news on the man known as Israel’s iron fist.
Jason: That is right, Maggie. Former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has died at the age of 85. Hundreds of Israeli citizens mourned the death of Ariel Sharon over the weekend. The former Israeli general and prime minister died on Saturday in a hospital after eight years in a coma following a devastating stroke during the peak of his power as Israel’s prime minister, one of the most iconic and controversial figures in the nation’s history.
Vice President Joe Biden will lead the U.S. delegation to Sharon’s memorial service.
Maggie: We will have more for you tomorrow on that and the former prime minister’s life.
Okay. Now it is time for today’s Play of the Week, coming to you from St. Columbkille School in Parma, Ohio.
The game is tied at 22, and the ball is passed around with only seconds left to go. It is fired up from 30 feet away. And it is good! That is the game-winner from seventh grader Joe Horoszko!
Let’s see that one more time. Good shot, Joe! And way to end a game, Crusaders!
With all this winter weather, we know you guys are out there in the snow. And some of you must have a go pro! So send us your footage of skiing, snowboarding, ice hockey, making snow angels, whatever. And it might just end up as our Play of the Week!
Alright. Coming up, we have got more sports talk. Only, this record-breaking announcement has left few celebrating.
Athletes aren’t supposed to use drugs that make them stronger or faster than their natural ability. And it is one reason why Major League Baseball is cracking down in a historic way. Keith Kocinski has the story.
Keith: It will be a long time, if ever, before Alex Rodriguez hears the cheers of fans again. A-Rod is facing a 162 game suspension the entire 2014 season. It is because he lost the case against him. He is accused of using performance-enhancing drugs and then trying to cover it up.
It is the longest suspension in baseball history for doping. Doping, or using performance-enhancing drugs, like human growth hormone or testosterone, is not allowed by Major League Baseball because it gives an unfair edge to athletes.
Clyde Pearson: The whole season? At his age? That’s severe. Because you know, you’ve only got a couple of seasons left.
Jay Grossman: I think he got what he deserved.
Keith: The Yankees released a statement that says they “respect Major League Baseball’s Joint Drug Prevention and Treatment Program, the arbitration process, as well as the decision released”.
A-Rod said on Facebook: “The number of games sadly comes as no surprise, as the deck has been stacked against me from day one”.
Thirteen other players were suspended last summer as part of the doping investigation. Those players included Milwaukee Brewers outfielder Ryan Braun, who was suspended for 65 games. Also Rangers outfielder Nelson Cruz and Tigers shortstop Jhonny Peralta were suspended for 50 games.
None of those come close to the 162 games Rodriguez faces, which is down from an original penalty of 211 games. The decision will cost Rodriguez just over $22 million. He plans to fight the decision in federal court, but time is running out. At age 38 with a string of injuries, his playing days may be numbered.
Keith Kocinski, Channel One News.
Maggie: Coming up, four years after a devastating earthquake leveled parts of Haiti, the country is facing another blow.
It has been four years since a powerful earthquake rocked Haiti, killing more than 100,000 people and leaving behind $13 billion in damage. But, Tom, now Haiti is dealing with a different disaster.
Tom: Yeah, Maggie. Haiti is facing another killer, a disease that is typically preventable if you have the money and the resources to do so. But instead, Haitians are relying on a small army of volunteers to help. Take a look.
Nineteen-year-old Samuel Marseila is trying to change his country.
Samuel Marseila: I don’t like when my brothers and sisters die from something that I can prevent.
Tom: Samuel is a teacher with World Water Relief, a group that installs filtration systems in schools so there is access to clean water. Getting clean water is a big problem in Haiti, and often only the people who can afford it are able to get it.
Even before the earthquake hit in 2010, Haitians had one of the worst water systems in the Western Hemisphere. And the disaster only made it worse, allowing a cholera crisis to spread farther. Cholera, spread through human waste, causes vomiting and diarrhea, and if not treated quickly, it can be deadly. More than 700,000 Haitians have been sickened and more than 8,000 have died. It is the biggest cholera epidemic in recent history.
The same strain of cholera also continues to spread. It has been found in the Dominican Republic, Cuba, and now Mexico. But there was no cholera in Haiti before the 2010 earthquake. That is why human rights groups are suing the United Nations on behalf of the Haitian people. They claim UN workers brought in the disease in the aftermath of the earthquake.
Nicole Phillips: The people thought that that water was still safe to drink and they kept drinking it. And now the cholera has spread so far into the river systems that it would be impossible to eradicate.
Tom: Forensic studies, including one ordered by the UN, have linked the spread of the disease to a broken sewage system at a UN base. Tests show the culprit bacteria came from Southeast Asia. That very same sewage system leaked into a popular river used by the people to cook, clean and bathe.
And officials say it will take $500 million over two years to build a proper sanitation system. Money that, right now, Haiti simply doesn’t have.
Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe: The country is coming back from what I like to call, ‘we were fifty stories underground after the earthquake’. Right now we are twenty stories underground. So we still have much to do.
Tom: Today, clinics are still overrun with the sick. And Haitians are so poor, many who get sick can’t even pay for transportation to get to a hospital.
The UN says it will not pay victims for their suffering because, legally, it can’t be held responsible. So, for now, the country is relying largely on ground-level efforts like this with volunteers just like Samuel.
Samuel: I think I will change Haiti.
Tom: He knows it won’t be easy, but every drop helps.
And according to the United Nations, Haiti is home to about half of the world’s cholera cases.
Maggie: For more about what happened in Haiti after the quake, go to Channelone.com.
Alright, guys. That is going to do it for us. I am Maggie Rulli. Go have an awesome day, and we can’t wait to see you tomorrow!
- Date: 1/13/14
- Story: Haiti 4 Years Post-EQ
- Activity: Slideshow
- Subjects: Life Science, English Language Arts, Social Studies
- Recommended Grade Bands: 6-12
- Learning Objectives: Students will develop prior knowledge about factors that contribute to a nation’s ability to respond to disasters.
- Students will know and be able to explain a development arc of colonial and post-colonial nations.
- Students will connect, evaluate and analyze issues related to governance, infrastructure and health.
- Students will be able to describe and sequence some secondary crises that arise from a central crisis, such as an earthquake.
- Synopsis: Four years after its worst earthquake on record, Haiti’s slow recovery is being hindered by a cholera epidemic.
- Why do you think Haiti has so many challenges?
- Where do Haiti’s different challenges come from?
- Why is cholera not an issue in some parts of the world, and a major health threat in others?
- Where there is poverty, disease, and lack of services, what other problems do you think there could be?
- Put Haiti in geographical context by sharing a world map with the whole class. Prompt students to identify nations near Haiti, and share what they know about those countries. Then divide class into small research groups tasked with finding background information about one of Haiti’s neighbors to share with the rest of the class.
- Before breaking up into groups, prompt students to formulate relevant questions, using Haiti as a compare/contrast for inquiry into these other nations.
- Questions may include:
- Who were/are the indigenous (native) people?
- When did explorers appear and where did they come from?
- What was the relationship like between colonists and natives?
- What types of governments developed over time?
- Where did, and does, the nation’s income come from?
- What are the biggest businesses, and who owns them?
- What are the nation’s greatest strengths and vulnerabilities?
- Make sure each group has a recorder/reporter to present findings to the class. Before sharing findings, prepare a compare/contrast graphic, i.e. Venn diagram so that reporters or their team members can note what their nation of study has, and doesn’t have, in common with Haiti.
- Key Ideas and Details: Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (RI.6-10.1)
- Comprehension and Collaboration: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade-level topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly. (SL.6-10.1)
- Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas: Present claims and findings, sequencing ideas logically and using pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to accentuate main ideas or themes. (SL.6-10.4)
- Time, Continuity and Change: Concepts such as: chronology, causality, change, conflict, complexity, multiple perspectives, primary and secondary sources, and cause and effect. (2.1.2.)
- People, Places and Environments: The use of maps, globes, graphic representations, and geospatial technologies to help investigate the relationships among people, places, and environments. (3.1.9.)
- Power, Authority and Governance: Analyze and evaluate conditions, actions, and motivations that contribute to conflict and cooperation among groups and nations. (6.2.4.)
- Voluntarism: Explain factors that have inclined Americans toward voluntarism, e.g., colonial conditions, frontier traditions, religious beliefs. (II.B.2.1.)
- Earth and Human Activity: How natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity. (MS-HS-ESS3-1.)
- Skills and Strategies:
- Reading for Information; Comprehension Strategies (Informational Text; Nonfiction)
- Main Idea and Detail
- Compare and Contrast
- Problem Solving
- Sequence of Events
- Cause and Effect
- Speaking and Listening
- 21st Century Skills
- College and Career Readiness
- Core Knowledge
- Critical Thinking
- Technology Skills
- Communication and Collaboration
- Research and Information Fluency
- Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Decision Making
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Question 1 of 2
Which of these is Haiti’s most recent challenge?Correct
Clean water is crucial. After the quake, contaminated water spread cholera throughout the country.Incorrect
After the quake, contaminated water spread cholera throughout the country.
What has already killed at least 8,000 people?
Question 2 of 2
Where in the story’s script does it say that cholera is Haiti’s most recent challenge?Correct
Cholera spreads through unclean water, which flowed after the earthquake through an already-poor country.Incorrect
Cholera spreads through unclean water, which flowed after the earthquake through an already-poor country.
Which sentence contains an adjective synonymous with ‘recent’?