Many educators have been experimenting with the flipped classroom model. In a flipped classroom, instruction (or lectures) are delivered online, outside the classroom. Most often this takes place at home or when students have access to a computer during a free period. Instead of listening to lectures in class and applying what they have learned on homework, students come to class prepared to work in groups or independently with support from their teacher. During face-to-face time, the teacher is able to provide resources and support to students as they complete activities and projects. The teacher can devote time in class to problem-based learning, challenge-based learning, understanding by design or just more individualized learning.
How does it work?
In a flipped classroom, teachers assign videos to watch for homework. These videos include prerecorded lectures that shows the teacher writing on the board, presenting a PowerPoint slideshow, or explaining a concept. An instructor might record themselves giving a traditional lecture, and then edit it to a condensed version. Or the video could be screencasts, where the teacher creates a PowerPoint presentation that plays with their recorded narration. Many teachers ask students to watch video clips from an online resource, like Channel One News, as part of their homework.
Why are teachers flipping their classroom?
Many teachers are reevaluating how they want to use their face-to-face time with students. In a flipped classroom, teachers replace time once devoted to lectures with discussions and activities. It allows teachers to circulate and guide students through problem solving with individualized attention. Teachers who are flipping their classroom are really taking control of how they allocate their time. They want to make the best use of their face-to-face time and be able to talk with students as opposed to at students. This creates an environment where students work together to solve problems and promotes inquiry by giving teens an opportunity to gain background information before they come to class.
How can teachers get started?
For teachers interested in trying out the flipped classroom model, they can start by reflecting on how they currently use face-to-face time with students. Teachers should look for places where replacing a lecture with a video makes sense. They’ll also want to think about how their students will access these videos and what accommodations need to be made for students with limited resources at home. Start small, and build your comfort level using this teaching model.
Have you tried flipping your classroom? How might this work with your students?
Monica Burns is an Education Consultant, EdTech Blogger, and Apple Distinguished Educator. Visit her site ClassTechTips.com for more ideas on how to become a tech-savvy teacher.