Hockey Quiz


Your playbook to the roughest sport on ice.

Hockey Quiz

Your playbook to the roughest sport on ice.


Shooting is a basic hockey skill every player must know. Without some good shots, there's no way to win a game! Here are some different types of shots and terminology related to scoring.

Clearing the Puck: If you hear this term, a player is trying to get the puck out of the defensive zone near his/her team's goal.

Icing: When a player hits the puck far across the ice to the other side of the rink on purpose to get it out of the team's defense zone.

One-Timer: If a player takes an immediate slapshot from a pass, it's called a one-timer.

Penalty Shot: When a foul is committed during an instance when a team can score, the team selects a player to take a shot at the goal as the other team's goalie defends it.

Slapshot: The most powerful and fast shot is the slapshot. This shot is done when a player pulls the stick backward and slaps the puck hard.

Wrist Shot: As the slapshot is hard, the wrist shot is quick. With a flick of the wrist, this shot is made for short distances.

Backhand Shot: Similar to a backhand swing in tennis, a player swings the stick away from the body with his/her backhand moving in the direction of the hit.

Flip Shot: Highly skilled players can pick up the puck with their sticks and flip it off the ice and into a goal. The flip shot is not only hard to master, it's tough to block too.

Screen Shot: A successfully made shot that the goalie did not see because it was taken from behind a player in front of the goal's net.


In addition to hitting and scoring, there are other ways to defend your team and try to regain possession of the puck. Checking is a tactic used to regain control of the game by aggressively pursuing players and trying to steal the puck back.

Bodycheck: A bodycheck is only a legal move if a player uses his/her hips or shoulder to physically move a player who has the puck or last touched it. Players can only check others above the knees and below the neck, otherwise it's a foul.

Backcheck: Another type of check that is done as a player is going back to his defensive position in an attempt to get the puck back from the opposing team.

Poke Check: A less aggressive, but more difficult way to check is to use one's stick to push the puck away from the other opponent's stick.

Forechecking: This maneuver is similar to a body check, without using the full physical force. When a player tried to regain possession of the puck in the neutral or defensive zone, that is considered forechecking.

Hook Check: When an opponent wants to take the puck from another player, hooking one stick with another, allows him/her to steal the puck.

Sweep Check: If a player extends his stick to steal the puck from an opponent with one hand, then lowers one knee almost to the ground while doing this, it's called a sweep check.


There's no "I" in team! In hockey there are many ways to support your team by blocking and passing. Learn the lingo for some key offense and defense tactics.

Passing: When the puck is hit with a stick to another teammate, that is called a passing.

Forehand Passing: If a player passes from their dominant hand it's called forehand passing.

Backhand Passing: A backhand pass is the opposite of a forehand pass.

Blind Pass: When a player passes the puck without looking first it's called a blind pass.

Breaking Pass: For a quick play, teammates will make a pass while the other skates forward or breakaway from the defenders quickly.

Centering Pass: A pass sent to the middle of the ice where a teammate has a better shot for the goal.

Cover: When the opposing team blocks a player from receiving a pass.

Drop Pass: If a player leaves a puck behind for another teammate behind him on purpose, it's called a drop pass.

Deflection: A way to steal the puck or keep a shot out of the goal. Deflection can block a pass between players and can be done with a stick or skate. Goalies use deflection with their gloves as well.

Feeding: Another term for passing.

Flip Pass: When a player flips the puck with his/her stick to pass it to another player.

Lead Pass: A lead pass helps to "lead" a teammate toward the goal. It is similar to a breakaway pass.

Trailer: A player ready to receive a drop pass from behind a teammate.


The rules surrounding the goal and what the goalie can do are different in some ways. Find out more about scoring and tactics for goalies below.

Goal: In hockey, a goal is worth one point when the puck goes between the goalposts and behind the red line.

Butterfly Position: Used to cover a large area of the crease along the ice, the goalkeeper performs this position by dropping to his/her knees and pointing his/her toes outward to create a V-shape with the goal pads.

Save: When the goalie blocks or catches a shot about to enter the goal it's called a shot.

Hat Trick: Three goals scored by one player in a single game. A natural hat trick is scoring three goals consecutively without any other players scoring in between.

Empty-net goal: When a goal is scored against a team that has pulled the goalie to add an extra offensive player.

Power Play: Where an offensive attack has more people than the defense.

Rebound: If the puck bounces off the goalie's body or equipment, it's considered a rebound.

Wash Out: When a goal is ruled invalid by the referee or the waving off of an infraction by the linesmen.

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