Passport: Nigeria


As the most populated nation in Africa, Nigeria, officially named the Federal Republic of Nigeria, has a population of 146,255,312 people according to the World Factbook.

Though the country is known for civil unrest and political corruption, a rich cultural background dating back thousands of years lingers in many Southern communities where they still practice ancient traditions in art and worship.

The capital of Nigeria, Abuja, is a planned city built in the middle of the country to symbolize its neutrality among ethnic and religious groups. Abuja became the nation’s capital in December 1991 and has since become a financial epicenter.

To discover more about Nigeria check out the quiz and gallery below.


Think your knowledge of Nigeria is up to snuff?


Two unidentified children play in front of their house in Makoko, an area in Lagos, Nigeria, Thursday, June 5, 2003. The World Health Organization (WHO) used World Environment Day to insist every human has a right to a clean water supply.

More than a billion people have no access to safe drinking water and one in three have no adequate sanitation. According to the WHO, more than 3,000 children under the age of five die each day as a result of diseases caused by poor access to safe water and sanitation.


Nigerian students listen as their teacher gives a lecture, switching between the national language English and the locally-spoken Hausa tribal language, at the Public School for Boys in Gusau, Nigeria Friday, Oct. 29, 1999.

With over a dozen major tribal languages and cultures, maintaining unity is one of Nigeria's greatest ongoing challenges. In a country so overwhelmed by its troubles that it often appeared destined for complete collapse, the end of military rule -- and the first steps of the new civilian government -- have opened a deep vein of optimism in this nation of cynics.


Nigeria's Mikel Obi runs with the ball during their international friendly soccer match against Jamaica at the New Den, London, Wednesday, Feb. 11, 2009.


Youths race to the finish line at the canoe racing competition at the Argungu cultural fishing festival in Argungu, (an Islamic Sharia town in Kebbi, Northern Nigeria) Friday, March 18, 2005.

The Argungu fishing festival, which first began in the 16th century, became more conspicuous in 1934 when the Sultan Hassan Dan Mu'azu of Sokoto visited Kebbi on a peace mission to end the long years of ethnic conflict between the Sokoto caliphate and the Kebbi kingdom.


The Benin queens -- the four wives of the Oba of the Bini kingdom, Omo Noba Eradiauwa -- attend the Igue festval at the palace in Benin city, Nigeria, Wednesday, Dec. 29, 2004.

The Igue festival is an annual thanksgiving festival celebrated to mark the year-end of the Bini kingdom in which the Oba of Bini kingdom Omo Noba Eradiauwa offers prayers of peace with a green leaf called Ewere and sacrifices to the spirits of the land.


An unidentified boy stands near a shrine in Osogbo, Nigeria, Friday, Aug. 31, 2007.

Generations ago, European colonial officials and Christian missionaries looted Africa's ancient treasures still coveted by art collectors around the world.

Now, Pentecostal Christian evangelists, most of them Africans, are helping to wipe out remaining traces of how Africans worked, played and prayed in the distant past.


Stella Felix, 17, a schoolgirl who will become the first Nigerian to experience space flight, gave an interview in Lagos, Nigeria on Sept. 20, 2006.

Felix was selected out of more than 400 students who applied for the zero-gravity flight, which took off from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.


A man is seen on a boat on Sept. 30, 2003 on the Calabar river near Calabar, Nigeria.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>