Shelby: This week marks the 200th anniversary of the discovery of Petra, an ancient rock-carved city that had been deserted for more than a thousand years.
Today, Petra is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. And it is also one of the top tourist attractions in the country of Jordan.
So, that brings us to today’s pop quiz!
Which country highlighted on the map is Jordan? A, B, C or D?
Time is up!
The answer is “C.”
Jordan is located in the Middle East, and Petra was once an important crossroads for traders between the Arabian Peninsula, India, the Mediterranean, and northern Africa.
The name “Petra” means “rock” in Greek, and the city was half-built, half carved into a red sandstone landscape.
The Treasury boasts chiseled columns 60-feet tall and sculptures that were influenced by various cultures that visited the city. Petra’s intricate tunnels and water chambers, 40-seat amphitheater, and carved structures have also helped the site become a modern-day tourist destination.
Petra was deserted for more than a thousand years and known only to nomads, or people who wander the desert. It was rediscovered by a Swiss explorer in 1812, and was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.
Petra has also been named one of the Seven New Wonders of the World. And last year, around 5,000 people visited the ancient site.