Please enter your username or email address. You will receive a link to create a new password via email.
Thanks for registering for ChannelOne.com!
Please check your email - we've sent you a link that you'll need to click to confirm your account. If you don't see the email right away, give it a few minutes, then check your spam or junk-mail folder. In the meantime, you're signed in and can continue using ChannelOne.com
The part of the world that is home to three of the world’s major religions, that more than half of people on the planet follow, is an area about the size of the state of New Jersey known as the Holy Land. Stretching from the Mediterranean Sea on the west to the River Jordan on the east, this parcel has been called the most fought-over land in history.
Our series examines the history of the region known today as Israel and The Palestinian Territories and looks at why the volatility that began thousands of years ago continues.
CHURCH OF THE HOLY SEPULCHER
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher stands in the Christian Quarter of the walled Old City of Jerusalem. It is respected as the site of Golgotha and is believed by some to be the place where Jesus is buried, known as the Sepulchre. It has been an important site for religious pilgrims since the 4th century and it is home to Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches.
The Western Wall is a remnant of the ancient wall that once surrounded the Jewish temple’s courtyard in the Old City of Jerusalem. Dating from the period of the second temple, it is a sacred site for the Jewish people and has been a place for prayer and pilgrimage for centuries. There have been conflicts over claims to the wall throughout history, including a nineteen year period when the wall was under Jordanian control, when Jews were banned from the site. It came back under Israeli control in 1967 when Israel captured the Old City.
THE DOME OF THE ROCK
The Dome of the Rock is an Islamic shrine in the Old City of Jerusalem. Originally built in 691 CE (Common Era), it houses The Foundation Stone which is important in Muslim and Jewish traditions.
According to some Islamic scholars, the rock is the place that Muhammad ascended to Heaven with the Angel Gabriel. According to Jewish tradition, it is the stone where Abraham nearly sacraficed his son Isaac.
The Jordan River is a 156 mile long river that flows into the Dead Sea. It is the border between Israel and the Isaraeli-occupied Palestinian Territories. According to Christian tradition, John the Baptist baptized Jesus in its water.
The Gaza Strip is a 141 square mile strip of land on the Mediterranean Sea and bordering Egypt and Israel, where about 1.7 million people live. It is a part of the Palestinean territories and has been governed by Hamas since 2007.
The West Bank is bordered by Israel on three sides and The Dead Sea and Jordan River, and Jordan, on the fourth. More than 2.6 million people live there and about 80 percent of those are Palestinean Arabs. There are about 500,000 Jewish Israelis living in settlements there as well, though the international community considers them illegal. Before the first World War, the area was under Ottoman rule for 400 years and was a part of the provinces of Syria. It passed back and forth between Jordan and Israel until the 1993 Oslo Accords, when it came under control of the Palestinian Authority.
Our mission at Channel One News is to encourage students to be informed, digital-savvy global citizens. We are a Peabody and Telly award-winning program broadcast to nearly 5 million young people across the country. Our daily news show and supplementary educational materials are aligned to Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and designed to help students, teachers and parents interpret the news and spark important conversations.