Syria, a country in Western Asia, was established as an independent state in 1946. It is home to about 22 million people of various ethnicities and religions.

In March of 2011, influenced by the Arab Spring, people there began protesting against the current government and President Bashar al-Assad, who has been in power since 2000. Throughout 2011, protests continued as al-Assad made unsuccessful attempts to calm the uprising. When the military became involved, resulting in deaths, the international community responded with sanctions and the country was suspended from The Arab league.

The Syrian military continued to fight against forces they described as rebels, but before long, with the west on their side, it became clear that the country had descended into a civil war that has killed tens of thousands of people and driven many more from their homes. Jessica Kumari traveled to a refugee camp in Jordan, along the border with Syria, to hear some of their stories.

Watch the videos below for more on the history of the conflict. You can also find out more about what the youngest refugees are facing and how to help them, here.

A look back at the start of the uprising in Syria.  

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