The Passover Seder Plate


The Passover Seder is a ceremony that includes a celebratory, ritual meal that takes places in Jewish families and communities on the first and second nights of Passover. This year, Passover begins at sundown on March 29th and ends on April 6th.

In addition to a meal and family gathering, there is a traditional plate of symbolic foods used throughout the ceremony that mark events in Jewish tradition. Check out the gallery below to learn more about the elements of the Seder plate and what they represent.


These two bitter herbs symbolize the harshness of slavery endured by Jews in Ancient Egypt. In modern times, most people substitute horseradish root to represent Maror and romaine lettuce to represent Chazeret.


A mixture of sweet, dark fruit and nuts that symbolize the mortar that Israelites used to hold bricks together when enslaved in Egypt.


A vegetable other than bitter herbs, most often parsley. It must be green because it serves as a symbol of Spring.


A lamb shank bone, symbolizing a lamb which was traditionally often offered as a sacrifice before being eaten as a part of the Passover meal. The shank bone is now symbolic and simply rests on the Seder plate.


A roasted egg, also symbolizing part of the festival sacrifice. Eggs are often eaten as a part of the Seder meal.


Unleavened bread, which is not allowed to rise, is eaten during Passover to represent the bread eaten after leaving Egypt and escaping slavery. Because they were in such a hurry, they did not have time to wait for bread to rise before baking it and bringing it on their journey.

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