This two-day lesson plan demonstrates the importance of Memorial Day for students. It includes Channel One News videos and slideshows, as well as links to pertinent writing such as the poem “In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae and the story of the role of poppies as the Flower of Remembrance. Students will write two brief pieces explaining the impact of World War I as well as a plan for celebrating Memorial Day and honoring fallen soldiers.
April 7, 2017 marks 100 years since America entered World War I. Channel One News explores the origins and the aftermath of the “war to end all wars.”
Display this image for students:
enthusiast (noun): A person who is very excited about or interested in something.
immersive (adjective): Using complete involvement in some activity or interest.
Heard on the Air: “She is a World War I enthusiast, to say the least, who loves taking her students on an immersive journey through time.”
Original Air Date: April 7, 2107
Use these discussion prompts for whole-class, think-pair-share or small group discussions.
World War I, which claimed the lives of 16 million people, officially ended in 1919 with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. Nearly a hundred years later, many of the world’s conflicts can be traced back to that war and its immediate aftermath.
During WWI, the world’s great powers took sides against one another. On one side were the Central Powers: Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire. On the other side were the Allied Powers: Britain, France and Russia. When the war ended, the defeated German, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires were in ruins.
The Allied Powers took advantage of their victory by redrawing the world map. Britain and France carved up the lands of the Ottoman Empire without consideration for religious or ethnic differences. They created the country of Iraq by joining Kurdish, Shiite and Sunni provinces. Today, Iraq is violently splitting apart along those post-war lines.
The Treaty of Versailles required Germany to give up 10 percent of its land and pay the Allied Powers for the damages they suffered during the war. Historians believe that the humiliation and economic pain caused by these harsh terms led to the rise of the ultra-nationalist Nazis, who viewed Jews as foreigners they could blame for Germany’s decline.
Even before WWII, Jews fleeing anti-Semitism in Europe had been migrating to the area then known as Palestine. They believed that they would only be safe in a Jewish homeland. After the Holocaust, the Nazi’s systematic slaughter of 6 million Jews, much of the world agreed.
On May 14, 1948, with support from the United States, the Soviet Union and other countries, the Jews living in Palestine declared that they were forming the State of Israel. Today, Israel is still in violent conflict with the Arabs displaced by its formation.
Although Russia was one of the victorious Allied Powers, it suffered 3 million casualties — more than any other country. Dissatisfaction with the war led to the Russian Revolution of 1917, the creation of the Soviet Union and its Cold War with the United States. Today, the Soviet Union no longer exists, but experts see Russia’s current aggression against Ukraine as an extension of Cold War hostilities.
Create a timeline depicting the important events of World War I. Be sure to include the events that led up to the war, as well as events that occurred in its aftermath. Use facts from the script and the slideshow to support your response.
Share student responses.
Review the front page of three newspapers from April 6 or 7, 1917.
“Arizona Daily Star“
“The Daily Missourian“
Ask students the following question and have them share their thoughts on an exit ticket.
Show students this image.
Ask students: Who can identify this flower? Who knows what is typically symbolizes?
Read The Flower of Remembrance
Turn to a partner and discuss different ways we can best honor our fallen U.S. soldiers. Here are a few resources to help you get started:
Toll of U.S. War Dead
The Story Taps
Taps Performed at Arlington Cemetery
Department of Veterans Affairs Cemetery Listing
Flying the American Flag at half staff
How to fold a U.S. flag
Correct display of a U.S. flag
How to make felt poppies
Work with your partner to develop a plan to honor U.S. soldiers who have lost their lives defending our country. Include who you’ll involve, what you’d like to do, where the plan will take place and all of the necessary details to complete your idea. Write down your memorial plan, including an explanation as to why you think this is a worthy tribute. Review your work and prepare to present it to the class.
Student pairs present their plans for honoring fallen U.S. soldiers.
Take a class poll asking students which memorial plan they like the best. Encourage students to implement their top choice or choices this Memorial Day.
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