Channel One News: November 24, 2015

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Headlines: November 24, 2015

Maggie: Hey everyone, it is Tuesday, November 24. I am Maggie Rulli, and Channel One News starts right now.

We are starting off in the European country of Belgium. The capital city of Brussels remains on high alert after a serious terror threat. Brussels is on lockdown after authorities say they learned about a potential terrorist threat.

Schools are closed; so are subways. Heavily armed soldiers are patrolling the streets trying to prevent a Paris-style terror attack. Many businesses are shut, and the downtown streets are nearly empty.

This week security forces carried out more than 20 raids across Belgium. At least 21 people have been arrested, but the prime suspect in the Paris attacks was not one of them.

Yesterday French President François Hollande and Britain’s Prime Minister David Cameron laid flowers at the Bataclan Theater, where 89 people lost their lives. Today President Obama is meeting with the French president at the White House. The number-one priority for both leaders will be to discuss shared efforts to stop the terror group ISIS.

And the attacks in Paris are also affecting holiday travel here in the U.S. The millions of Americans taking trains, planes and cars are going to have to go through extra security. Forty-six million will be traveling all over the U.S. this week, and they will see extra officers, patrol dogs and guns at virtually every airport, train station and tourist destination in the country, including the famous Macy’s Thanksgiving Day parade in New York City.

Bratton: We have now beefed up our resources that we’re in a position to handle a significant number of events going on simultaneously or sequentially.

Maggie: Lines at the airports will be longer and slower with increased security. And even though police are on high alert, the Department of Homeland Security says there are no credible threats anywhere in the United States.

There is new research that focuses on kids who take ADHD medication and how it affects their sleep, or rather, lack of sleep.

The new study in Pediatrics found that children taking medication to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder have poor sleep overall. It says young people taking stimulants for ADHD take longer to fall asleep and have poorer quality of sleep.

About 1 in 14 children and teens in the U.S. are diagnosed with ADHD, a chronic condition that includes difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. And about 3.5 million are prescribed stimulant medications such as Ritalin or Adderall.

French Pen Pals

Maggie: Since the attacks in Paris, countries around the world have pledged their support to France, even promising military aid, but Azia is here with a story about one group of high school students that are showing their support in a different way.

Azia: Yeah, Maggie, students in Tulsa, Oklahoma at the Tulsa School of Arts and Sciences decided to show their support with the power of a pen and paper.

Rachel Doss: What you’re going to do today is just send love through paper, okay?

Azia: Three years ago, teacher Rachel Doss started a pen pal program with a close friend of hers, a third- and fourth-grade teacher living in France. Now American teens in Mrs. Doss’s class write back and forth with the French 9- and 10-year-olds. They trade stories about their lives, their families.

Doss: Well, she drew all of her little family, who is adorable.

Azia: But these letters are more serious, messages of support and comfort after a national tragedy.

Carolyn Hacker: I wanted to show her how, where I stand with her. And because I know that France was really here for us during 9/11, and so I know that I want to do the same for them.

Azia: The attacks in France changed the students there forever.

Doss: One of the pen pal students, he had a cousin who was in the attacks, and he was shot in the hand, and luckily, he’s going to be fine.

Azia: This is a small gesture, but heartfelt, from one classroom to another.

Doss: Yes, Renee?

Renee: The peace sign with the Eiffel Tower in it.

Doss: Perfect. So that peace sign with the Eiffel Tower…

Azia: Sending love through paper. Azia Celestino, Channel One News.

Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Anniversary

Maggie: It is time to get your geek on and celebrate an important birthday tomorrow. It is the big 1-0-0 for Einstein’s theory of general relativity. And in case you think being 100 years old makes Einstein and his work, well, old news, think again. Tom Hanson shows us how this complicated theory is still used every single day.

Michio Kaku: At that point we could become masters of space and time.

Tom: For celebrity physicist Michio Kaku, calling Albert Einstein the man of the century may be an understatement. You could even say that Einstein’s the man of the universe.

Kaku: That’s right! All the appliances, the email, the GPS, all of that is in some sense or another traced back to the work of Albert Einstein.

Tom: Known most famously for the standard equation E equals MC squared, but according to Einstein himself, that wasn’t his crowning accomplishment.

Kaku: He had another equation, which gave you the evolution of the universe, the big bang, black holes and maybe even time travel. He thought that was his crowning achievement.

Tom: And that theory is?

Kaku: That theory is the general theory of relativity.

Tom: The general theory of relativity, a new framework for all of physics, a theory that gravity is actually the bending of space and time. This theory basically contributed to all of modern life.

This is everything we know.

Kaku: The energy of the universe. This is space and time, how you measure the curvature of space and time. And this is then curvature, an illusion created by the warping of space and time. When we look at distant galaxies…

Tom: Distant galaxies — is this guy crazy?

We had him explain in some easier terms.

Kaku: Simply stated, it means that the faster you move, the slower time beats. So in other words, you cannot go faster than the speed of light unless you use the general theory of relativity, in which case there’s a loophole.

Perhaps you can drill a hole in space, a wormhole. Think of a gateway, a gateway where you stick your hand through the looking glass, your hand winds up in another dimension. That is a consequence of Einstein’s theory. Not bad for an unemployed physicist.

Tom: Yeah.

Born in 1879, Albert Einstein grew up in Germany, and yes, it is true, the world’s most famous scientist was a school dropout. By 1915, the young German physicist published the general theory of relativity and gained world fame.

Did people think Einstein was crazy?

Kaku: It was just so far out there that people just couldn’t get their head around it. Only the top physicists of the era realized, “Oh, my God, he’s onto something!”

Tom: By World War 2, the Jewish scientist had fled to the U.S. out of fear of being killed by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. And not even a genius like Einstein could predict the full outcome of his groundbreaking work, like leading the way for the creation of the world’s first nuclear weapon.

Kaku: Later he would say that, “If I had known that my work would lead to the development of the atomic bomb, I would’ve become a fisherman rather than a theoretical physicist.” He had deep reservations about the fact that he unlocked the secret not just of the stars but the secret of the ultimate weapon.

Tom: But the theory of relativity also paved the way for a new era of technology. Life would be much different without the work of Einstein.

Kaku:  If I just turn off Einstein’s theory right now, our satellites shut down, credit card transactions can’t be done anymore. There’s no television, there’s no Internet. In other words, we would be thrown back perhaps 100 years into the past.

Tom: Shaping much of our past and still leading to infinite possibilities for the future. Tom Hanson, Channel One News.

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