Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr. and Thurgood Marshall were three of the key players in our country’s 1960s civil rights movement. Yet thousands upon thousands of people — black and white — banned together, one struggle at a time to fight for the rights of African Americans.
How much do you know about the major events in civil rights history? Take the quiz below to find out.
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What did the landmark Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS do?
In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation among races in public schools was unconstitutional. Prior to that, many children, particularly in the South, attended public schools that were segregated by race. The ruling brought in large-scale desegregation in schools.
What did Alabama seamstress Rosa Parks refuse to do in 1955, galvanizing the civil rights movement?
For years, blacks were not allowed equal treatment across the South and were effectively separated from whites. Blacks were not allowed to sit wherever they wanted and had to sit in designated areas on public transportation. In 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white man, launching a boycott of Montgomery’s bus system and the eventual desegregation of the buses. Martin Luther King Jr. first came to prominence with the bus boycotts.
Why did President Eisenhower have to send in federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957?
Despite the Supreme Court’s ruling three years earlier that forbade segregation in schools, desegregation proved to be difficult. Nine black students were blocked from entering all-white Central High School on the orders of Arkansas governor Orval Faubus. Under the watchful eyes of 1,000 troops of the 101st Airborne Division of the U.S. Army, the students entered the school on Sept. 25, 1957.
What did four black North Carolina students do in a Woolworths that was so remarkable in 1960?
At the time, lunch counters in the South were whites-only. In 1960, four black students sat quietly at the lunch counter at the Greensboro Woolworths. When the police refused to arrest them, the managers of the store shut down early. Word spread and soon black and white students were staging sit-ins at segregated public places.
What were freedom riders trying to do when they began traveling across the South in 1961?
Student volunteers set out to test a Supreme Court ruling that forbade segregation on interstate transportation. Interracial groups of whites and blacks traveled together on buses headed for the South, in what was dubbed “freedom rides.” In Alabama, the freedom riders were met with violence, with one bus stoned and firebombed, and the riders of another bus severely beaten by mobs. As a result, laws were passed later that year backing up the original Supreme Court ruling.
Where did Martin Luther King Jr. deliver his famous “I Have a Dream” speech?
In 1963, nearly a quarter of a million people went to the nation’s capital to make a stand on civil rights, in what’s known as the March on Washington. Congregating on the Mall, they listened to King deliver his famous speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
What happened on Bloody Sunday?
Demonstrators set out from Selma, Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama in support of voting rights. On Bloody Sunday, the 600 marchers were stopped on a bridge leading out of Selma, where they were whipped and clubbed by the police. Three attempts were made, with the last march growing in size to 25,000 people and successfully reaching Montgomery.
What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 make illegal?
President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the act in 1964, forbidding the segregation of the races and making it illegal in public places such as movie theaters, public transportation, lunch counters, schools and public restrooms. Prior to the act, the South had separate bathrooms, water fountains and other public areas for blacks and whites.
What did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 make illegal?
Congress passed the Voting Rights Act in 1965, forbidding common practices in the South that made it nearly impossible for blacks to vote, such as paying poll taxes in order to vote, literacy tests and other bureaucratic impediments. Prior to that, in states like Mississippi, as little as five percent of eligible black voters were registered to vote.
What did the Civil Rights Act of 1968 do?
The Civil Rights Act of 1968, signed by Lyndon B. Johnson, forbade the discrimination against blacks in the housing and rental market. Blacks were having difficulty obtaining home loans and finding places to live due to discrimination by potential sellers, agents and landlords. The act made all of those practices illegal.
CIVIL RIGHTS WAR was awesome I don’t care what color you are (you could be purple for all I care) your still a human and nothing is different. I’m happy most people aren’t judged about their color.
I love the civil rights movements it has been really inspiring.
I got most of these right because I’m from Montgomery and the ones I got wrong really taught me a lot
Channel one has taught me a lot . Thank you so much.
I think it dosn’t matter what race you are to stay on the same bus.
Very Glad everyone is free now!
Rosa Parks did the right thing Martin Lurther Kind Jr. also did the right thing
Rosa parks did the right thing black’s deserved to be treated right back then Martin Lurther King Jr. did the right thing also.
I’m glad we are equal now.
I learned a lot from the channel one pop quiz’s and they are always fun
I’m glad we aren’t segregated today! That was unfair, even though back then, it was a way of life. Thank You, Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King!
So glad that we’re all equal now!
I thank that was not right because that man could had sat in another seat . I know it was more seat then just that one
I think that that was not right and that the white person could have sat a different seat because in the video their was more seats open on the bus.
We LEARNED stuff from the Channel One Pop Quiz…..now we can go home for the day!!!!!! LOL
Lucky, we watch CH1 in 5th period.