From the American Revolution to the war in Iraq, women have made important contributions to the U.S. military. Find out more about these brave heroines with the quiz below.
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Rosie the Riveter was made famous during what war?
During World War II, many American women responded to the governments call to enter the war-production industry. Rosie the Riveter was a popular poster, which encouraged women to join the workforce, and help build planes, bombs and tanks.
Lt. Kendra Williams was the first female pilot to drop bombs and launch missiles during combat. What plane did she fly?
Williams was one of 18 pilots in the Gunslingers F-18 squadron out of Jacksonville, Florida. She flew one of 30 single-seat fighter jets in the first wave of air strikes during Operation Desert Fox in 1988. She remarked on her notoriety, “I was just doing my job.”
How did Mary Hays McCauly earn the nickname “Molly Pitcher?”
Though historians regard “Molly Pitcher” as folklore, the name was referred to Mary Hays McCauly. She earned it at the Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778. It was a blistering hot day, and McCauly brought pitchers of cool water to the thirsty men. The water also cooled the hot guns. She also helped operate a gun when her husband, William Hays, fell in battle. Gen. George Washington personally issued her a warrant as a noncommissioned officer, in appreciation for her heroic efforts.
Which 1960s president signed Public Law 90-130, which removed the legal restriction on promotions in the military?
President Lyndon Johnson signed Public Law 90-130 on Nov. 8, 1967. Johnson declared, “There’s no reason why we should not someday have a female chief of staff or even a female commander in chief.” Ann Mae Hayes became the Army’s first woman Brigadier General on June 11, 1970.
In the 1980s, Capt. Linda Bray became the first female to lead U.S. troops in battle. Where did the battle take place?
Bray became the first female to lead U.S. troops in battle during the invasion of Panama in 1989. Bray commanded the 988th Military Police Company, and she ordered her team to fire on soldiers of the Panamanian Defense Forces (PDF). The battle turned into a three hour firefight. Three PDF soldiers were killed, and one was taken prisoner.
Which famous chef worked for the Office of Strategic Services?
“French Chef” Julia McWilliams Child wanted to join the Navy in World War II but was turned down because she was too tall. Child therefore accepted a job with a U.S. spy agency, the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). While in the OSS, she created a shark repellent for the Navy. NASA used her recipe to protect astronauts when they splashed down in shark-infested waters.
Who became the first woman pilot of a space shuttle?
In 1995, Eileen Collins became the first woman pilot of a space shuttle, the Discovery.
Which escaped slave was also a Union spy?
Harriet Tubman was famous for being a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, a system that helped slaves escape to the North. Tubman was also an important Union spy and scout during the Civil War. She was able to move freely through rebel territory, and provide valuable information to Col. James Montgomery of the Second Carolina Volunteers.
What year did the first women graduate from U.S. military academies?
President Gerald Ford signed Public Law 94-106 admitting women to military academies in 1976. That fall, more than 300 women enrolled in U.S. military academies. The first batch graduated four years later, in 1980.
Who was the only woman ever awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor?
After the Civil War ended, President Andrew Johnson awarded Dr. Mary Walker the Congressional Medal of Honor. Her citation reads, in part, “Walker has devoted herself with much patriotic zeal to the sick and wounded soldiers, both in the field and hospitals, to the detriment of her own health, and has also endured hardships as a prisoner of war for four months in a southern prison while acting as contract surgeon.”
Who was the United States’ first female four-star general in the Army?
Ann E. Dunwoody broke the brass ceiling in 2008 when she was promoted to four-star general after a 33 year career in the U.S. Army.
Woman can have rights just like men.Men always had what they want now it is time for woman to shine and were here to
Women should be able to show the world they are as strong as men. We are not little weaklings! It hurts all of the girls feelings when men say you fight like a girl we should be able to take those men down and show them what they are missing and why they need us in the world!
Women can do anything! We can prove too!
Who ever thinks that women aren’t as capable as men is not smart. Agender difference doesn’t change anything.
i think woman in the army is allowed
Women shouldbe in the miltary
I don’t believe that women today should join men in battle because of their results in combat. I do, however, think that women should train and work hard for their spot in the line, and when the time comes they may be able to fight with men in the war, though if many women die in war it will be hard reproduce (don’t take me the wrong way).
I thing that all wimen kave the rite to do whatever they want and that they are smart anoghf to know what there doing and what they are in for.
My spelling might be realy bad
I think that women shod be able to do what men do in the military. If women
want to risk injury in the military thay shod.
I think women should be able to serve in war because the two females who completed the obstacle course proved hey can handle as much as men can.
After they failed the course 2 times. I believed of the third time they successfully completed it. Don’t get me wrong, if they can do it, that’s great. However, ‘gender equality’ isn’t worth risking other people’s lives. This is coming from a female.
i didnt do so good i didnt know a whole lot
1.I sucked at that
2.MEN SHOULD STOP ACTING LIKE THEY’RE BETTER THAN US GIRLS!!
I think women should be in the military. One big step for women
I think that women should get a chance in the front row this time, Not men. Because back in the day, Women had no rights what so ever. they were just like slaves, they didn’t get the right to vote until 1920. Boy, That’s a long time. Anyway, I want women to be with men.