Although the United States is a relatively young country, a lot has happened in a few hundred years. From wars and constitutional amendments to political movements and scandals, there’s quite a bit of ground to cover. Are you a history buff? Pop open your history book and take the quiz to find out if you need another lesson.
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In which book did Upton Sinclair describe the terrible working and food production conditions in the meat-packing industry?
The Jungle, written in 1906, also highlighted the ugly side of big business and the harsh realities and poverty that working class immigrants faced in the United States. Many were paid just pennies per hour and worked 10-hour days and 6-day weeks.
What was the major cause of the shift from the use of white indentured servants to the use of black slave labor in Virginia in the 1600s?
As demand for tobacco and free labor grew, Virginia plantation owners began importing slaves from Caribbean Islands. The slave trade continued in the state for 200 years until importing slaves was prohibited in 1808.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964) was significant because it:
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave President Johnson the power to use military action in southeast Asia, without a declaration of war from Congress. After years of mounting opposition against the Vietnam War, President Nixon repealed it in 1971.
The urban population explosion in the late 1800s was primarily a result of:
Fleeing from hardship or religious persecution in their own countries, and with hopes of economic opportunity in the United States, millions of immigrants entered the country during the 19th Century. Great numbers came from England, Ireland and Germany and 70 percent entered through New York City.
Which of the following best describes the British colonial policy called mercantilism?
In looking after their own economic interests, British laws and restrictions tightly controlled how and what American colonies could trade, laying a foundation of frustration among the colonists that would eventually lead to the Boston Tea Party and the Revolutionary War.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Warsaw Pact are best described as two:
NATO aligned the United States militarily with the Western Europe and Canada after World War II to help protect against Soviet threats. The Soviet Union responded by signing the Warsaw Pact in 1955, which established a military alliance with Poland, East Germany, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Hungary.
In the late 1400s and early 1500s, the primary motivation for the European voyages of exploration was:
Many European leaders, including King Ferdinand of Spain, believed that finding new trade routes would help keep them prosperous and powerful against rival nations. The hope of finding gold and other treasures, as well as spreading Christianity, also motivated them to continue financing explorers willing to head out into unknown seas.
What was an important difference between the English colonies in the Americas and those controlled by France, Portugal and Spain?
Although in the Americas, the French and Spanish colonists were ruled with an autocratic heavy hand and Catholicism was the imposed religion. In contrast, English colonists enjoyed relative freedom. They were allowed to self-govern and practice their religion of choice for the most part, as long as they remained loyal to the King and followed laws of England.
The Monroe Doctrine was intended to:
In 1823, President Monroe addressed congress with what would become The Monroe Doctrine, stating that “The American continents … are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.” They would consider any sign of interference as an act of aggression.
What was one consequence of Nat Turner’s rebellion?
In 1831, Nat Turner and fellow slaves launched a rebellion in Southampton, Virginia, killing over 50 white people. In retaliation, slaves were executed by the state and approximately one hundred slaves were murdered by angry, fearful white groups. Laws were also enacted across the South, severely limiting the civil rights of even free black people.