Afghanistan has a long, complex history, and what’s happening there now can be confusing too.
Learn more about its history, culture and people in the quiz.
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Learn more about whats made Afghanistan the country it is today.
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In terms of Afghan history, what does “The Great Game” refer to?
The Great Game refers to the push and pull of the British interested in taking over territory and the Russians trying to advance into central Asia. It ended in 1919 when the country won independence from British control.
Ahmad Shah Durrani founded Afghanistan in what year?
In 1747, Durrani unified the Pashtun tribes in the region to create the Durrani Empire, which later become The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
What is the origin of the first part of the country’s name: Afghan?
The name Afghan was traditionally an alternative name for the Pashtun people. It became the official name when the country was recognized by the world community in 1919.
What form of government was in place in Afghanistan until the early 1970s?
Until 1973, when Mohammad Sardar Daoud Khan seized power in a military coup, Afghanistan was a monarchy ruled by a series of kings.
What is the PDPA?
The People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan. The political party led an uprising in 1978 that implemented a liberal and socialist agenda that moved to establish rights for women, cut out religious laws and carry the country into the modern era.
What country became involved in Afghani rule after the PDPA began reform?
The Soviet Union agreed to support the PDPA in their reform efforts, and the two succeeded temporarily. Some groups within the country, including some Mujahideen, objected to the changes and began to fight against the Russian-supported government.
What are Mujahideen?
Translated literally from Arabic, mjuahideen are people who are fighting for freedom. The best-known mujahideen were various loosely-aligned Afghan opposition groups, who initially fought against the incumbent Afghan government supported by the Sovients during the late 1970s.
When did the United States first become involved in modern Afghanistan?
The U.S. became involved in 1979, when the government saw an opportunity to weaken Russia during the Cold War by arming the mujahideen who were fighting against their rule in the country.
When did the fighting between the Soviets and Afghan end?
Soviet troops withdrew from the country in 1989, after the Geneva accords between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
What is the Taliban?
The Taliban is a movement of religious scholars and former mujahideen who took control over Afghanistan after the fall of the Soviet Union. They soon implemented one of the strictest interpretations of Sharia (Islamic religious principals) law ever seen throughout the country. The government, officially recognized by the United States and other countries during this period, was known as the Northern Alliance.
Why did the United States invade Afghanistan in 2001?
The truth is, it is complicated. The Taliban refused to support the United States in its effort to seek out members of al-Qaeda, including Osama bin Laden, who were being harbored in the country. As a result, the Taliban were ousted from power and a tentative Afghan government is being established. Fighting throughout the country continues, as the U.S. continues to pursue members of al-Qaeda.
When did the first official election of the post-2001 Afghan government take place?
On October 4, 2004, Hamid Karzai was elected president of Afghanistan in the country’s first ever election. Karzai was succeeded by Mohammad Ashraf Ghani in 2014.
Hi My Name is Kadrien and my uncle is in Afghanistan in the army and im really sad about him and i think if my uncle beats whoever i’ll be happy.