Pakistan straddles a difficult geographical position among influential nations that have strained the culture, religion and politics of this under-developed nation. Located on the border of the Middle East and Central Asia, the country’s neighbors include Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, China and India.
As the world’s sixth most populous nation, the nation also struggles with poverty. Despite this fact, the country is filled with a rich heritage dating back to ancient civilizations like the Neolithic era Mehrgarh and the Bronze era Indus Valley Civilization (2500 BCE – 1500 BCE). Pakistan also has the second largest Muslim population in the world.
Modern Pakistan faces much military and political strife due to its unstable government. Most recently, Pakistan has carried the economic burden of refugees from the Afghan War. Despite these challenges, the country offers an eclectic array of art, music and architecture.
Learn more about the current situation as well as the history and culture of Pakistan here.
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Which country does not border Pakistan?
Pakistan borders the Arabian Sea, between India on the east, Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north. It is located in South Asia.
Most Pakistanis follow what religion?
About 97 percent of people living in Pakistan are Muslim. Seventy-seven percent of Pakistani Muslims are Sunni, the largest sect of Islam. Other religions include Christianity and Hinduism.
Pakistan used to be combined with which countries?
Pakistan was created in 1947. It was sectioned off from India along religions lines. Pakistan became an Islamic state, while India is mostly Hindu. In 1971, part of Pakistan was sectioned off to form Bangladesh.
What does Pakistan mean?
Pakistan means “land of the pure” in both Urdu and Persian. It is also an acronym for the homelands of its people: Punjab, Afghanistan, Kashmir, Sindh, and Balochistan.
What is a Pakistanis average yearly income?
The average Pakistani makes $2,600 a year, compared with $44,000 in the United States. About 42 percent of Pakistanis are farmers, and a quarter live below the poverty line.
Benazir Bhutto gained international attention when she became what?
Benazir Bhutto became the first female to lead a modern Islamic nation in 1988. She was exiled to England for eight years but returned in 2007 as the leader of the main opposition party. Bhutto was assassinated in December 2007, just before scheduled 2008 elections.
Pakistan and India are in conflict over _____________.
India and Pakistan have disputed the territory of Kashmir since their independence from Britain in 1947, even fighting wars over it. Both countries have nuclear weapons programs and have increased tensions by repeatedly testing devices in the area.
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