Find out more about French colonialism, the Vietnam war, and how this country’s history has affected the world.
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Find out more about the history of Vietnam and Southeast Asia.
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What country invaded Vietnam after World War II?
French colonialists took control of Vietnam in 1847, and returned to reassert their control after World War II. Following a series of defeats at the hands of communist rebels, France withdrew, leaving the United States as the commanding force in the region.
North and South Vietnam were divided at the ____ parallel.
In 1954, Vietnam was divided at the 17th parallel; Ho Chi Minh maintained control of the Communist North, and Ngo Dinh Diem the Democratic South.
The theory that one Communist nation will lead to many is the ________.
In 1954, President Eisenhower explained the domino theory. You have a row of dominoes set up; you knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is the certainty that it will go over very quickly. The theory referred to Western fears that one thriving communist country would lead to many.
‘He Who Enlightens’:
Leader of communist North Vietnam from 1945-1969, Minh orchestrated the violent 1957 insurgency in South Vietnam. Minh, also known as ‘Uncle Ho’ or ‘He Who Enlightens’, fought a continuous war against the French and later the United States, in an effort unify the North and South as a single communist state.
When was the first U.S. operation in Vietnam?
Following Frances defeat in 1954, U.S. troops moved in, helping Vietnamese civilians flee the Communist North in the Passage to Freedom, the first major operation of the war.
Authorized the U.S. invasion of North Vietnam:
Following North Vietnamese attacks on a U.S. military ship anchored in the Tonkin Gulf, Congress passed the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Johnson authority to use necessary force to defend South Vietnam.
North Vietnamese fighters:
North Vietnamese fighters, the National Liberation Front, were called ‘Viet Cong’, a slang term rooted in the local word for Vietnamese Communist.
The U.S. Army massacred Vietnamese civilians at _____.
In 1968, under orders to search and destroy, U.S. Charlie Company massacred hundreds of unarmed civilians in the small Vietnamese village, My Lai.
When was the first Vietnam draft lottery?
In 1969, men born between 1944-1950 were called to join the military in the first draft lottery since World War II. Thousands, fearing or refusing to join, fled to Canada, carrying the label draft dodgers.
In 1970, four anti-war protestors were shot and killed at _____.
On May 4, 1970, the U.S. National Guard opened fire on anti-war protestors at Kent State University in Ohio, killing four students.
President Nixons Vietnamization plan sought to turn over control of U.S.-controlled zones to South Vietnamese armies.
President Nixon’s Vietnamization plan sought to turn over control of U.S. controlled zones to South Vietnamese armies.
In 1973, ____ signed a peace agreement with North Vietnam.
After nearly two decades of conflict, President Nixon signed a peace agreement with North Vietnam, ending American involvement in the region.
U.S. Vietnam troop levels peaked in ____.
Troop levels topped out at 543,482 in April of 1969.
Americans were evacuated from ____ on April 30, 1975.
In violation of U.S-Vietnamese peace treaties, the North continued to run operations into the South. By April of 1975, North Vietnam was in control of 8 million South Vietnamese and 12 major provinces. As enemy forces moved deeper into Saigon, the U.S. began its final evacuation. Sources: Encarta, PBS, InfoPlease