The country of Yemen, which lies on the tip of the Arabian peninsula between the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, has been going through much political turmoil lately. Houthi rebels have launched an offensive in the south of a country where conditions are deteriorating after weeks of fighting, and the international community has been feeling the urgency to increase the peace keeping military force.
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Find out more about the history and politics of this country at the tip of the Arabian peninsula.
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What year did Yemen become a united country?
North and South Yemen were ruled separately for hundreds of years before becoming united in 1990, after North Yemen became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1918 and the British left South Yemen in 1967.
What is the capital city of Yemen?
Sana’a is the capital of Yemen, and the largest city in the country. Its old, walled city, Shibam, is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The Yemeni city of Aden is an important port city for North Africa and Southwest Asia. What body of water is named for it?
The Gulf of Aden lies between Yemen and Somalia and is a part of the Suez Canal shipping route. It is also known as pirate alley because of the large amount of pirate activity in the area.
What kind of government does Yemen have?
Yemen is ruled by a Presidential Republic with an elected president, an elected House of Representatives and an appointed Shura Council sharing power.
Most of Yemen is covered by desert.
While the country once had an undefined Northern border because the Arabian Desert is uninhabitable, most of Yemen is quite diverse in landscape, and the Western Highlands receive the most rain in Arabia. Finally, the country also controls a number of islands in the Red Sea.
What is the population of Yemen?
Yemen has about 28 million people and it is increasing each year. Nearly half of the current population is under 15 years old.
Yemen in the poorest country on the Arabian Peninsula.
According to a recent study, the average unemployment rate in Yemen has climbed to 36-40 percent from 29 percent in 2011.