World War II, which began in 1939 and ended in 1945, was the most devastating war in the history of mankind, killing millions and involving nearly every country in the world. Take the quiz to learn more.
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Which of the following countries were NOT a part of the Axis Powers?
The Axis Powers were an alliance of countries led by Nazi Germany in World War II. The three major countries, Italy, Germany and Japan, referred to themselves as the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis. The term was first used by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini when he mentioned a Rome-Berlin axis to describe the friendship between Italy and Germany.
Which of the following countries were part of the Allied forces?
The Allied forces were led by the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union, who fought the Axis Powers with help from China, Canada and many other countries.
Which country was conquered and occupied by Axis forces during the war?
The Germans first invaded Poland, then overran Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Within a year Germany had conquered France. The Japanese occupied Siam, which later became Thailand, and made the country declare war against the United States and Great Britain.
What event led the United States to enter the war?
Until the Japanese launched a devastating surprise raid on Pearl Harbor, which headquartered the U.S. Pacific Fleet, America had made a a concerted effort to remain neutral as war broke out in Europe. On Dec. 8, 1941, a day after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan.
What battle is considered the turning point in the Pacific theater of World War II?
In June of 1942, American carrier aircraft sank a cruiser and all four of the Japanese navys major aircraft carriers, leading to a critical shortage of experienced pilots in the Japanese forces that would last the rest of the war.
What event led to the surrender of Japan and the end of World War II?
Though the European powers in the Axis alliance had already surrended in May of 1945, Japan continued to fight until the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, devastating both cities and killing tens of thousands. After the bombings in early August of 1945, Japan unconditionally surrendered, bringing a close to World War II.
How many countries remained neutral during World War II?
Though the war began in Europe with a handful of countries, it soon involved nearly every nation in the world and was fought on every continent except for Antarctica. Only a few countries managed to stay neutral during the war, including Andorra, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Uruguay. All other nations were either drawn in or conquered during the conflict.
How many people died in World War II?
World War II was the bloodiest war in human history, with a death toll of approximately 50 million, including civilians and battle deaths. Six million Jews were killed in the worlds worst genocide, while the Soviet Union lost an estimated 26 million of its citizens.
Who led Allied troops in the European theater?
Gen. Eisenhower, who later went on to become the 34th president of the United States, commanded the Allied Forces in Europe. He was Supreme Commander of the troops invading France on D-Day. Gen. MacArthur led the Allied effort in the Pacific theater, while Gen. Patton drove the Nazis back into Germany. Gen. Rommel was one of Germanys most celebrated generals during World War II.
Who was the leader of Great Britain during World War II?
Winston Churchill, considered one of the 20th centurys greatest statesmen, became prime minister of Great Britain in 1940, after a disgraced Neville Chamberlain left office. Chamberlain had tried to strike a deal with Adolf Hitler, only to see Hitler ignore the terms of agreement and seize more of Czechoslovakia than was agreed upon. Bernard Law Montgomery was Britains highest military commander during the war, while Queen Elizabeth II was still a child during World War II.
i like learning about war but the most sad about ww 2 was the camps
It’s sad what happen in world war ll
I think Hitler’s book deserves to be published because the scar he left on the world deserves to be known.
I am all about history and wars
this was kinda confusing
So sad I go went to elementary to linden elemantry I did an civil war reanactment its was so fun you probly no for Cbs news its called camp London with Eric Marshall