While many major league sports were integrated during the civil rights movement, African-American firsts are still taking place in the sports world. See how much you know about the roles of African-American athletes in history.
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Quiz: Sports Figures
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What outfielder held the record for the most home runs until Barry Bonds broke it in 2007?
Before Barry Bonds came along, Hank Aaron was the home run king. He broke Babe Ruth’s record of 714 in 1974.
Which boxer was heavyweight champion from 1937 to 1949 (the longest record in boxing history)?
Joe Louis was defeated only three times during his career.
What track and field athlete disproved Hitler’s theories of Aryan supremacy at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin?
Jesse Owens won four gold medals in track and field events at the 1936 Olympics in Nazi-occupied Germany, proving Hitler’s ideas about white supremacy wrong.
Who was the first African-American tennis player to win a Grand Slam title?
Althea Gibson became the first black tennis player to win a Grand Slam title when she won the French Open in 1956.
Which of the following players was NOT one of the first African-Americans to play for the NBA?
Chuck Cooper was the first black player to be drafted by an NBA team, Nat “Sweetwater” Clifton was the first African-American player to sign an NBA contract, and Earl Lloyd was the first to play in an NBA regular-season game.
Who was the first African-American to play in baseball’s major leagues?
Jackie Robinson became the first black player to play for a major league team when he joined the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947.
Who was the first African-American to be a head football coach in the NFL?
Frederick Douglass “Fritz” Pollard became the NFL’s first African-American head coach in 1922 when the Akron Pros (an American Professional Football League team) became a NFL team.
Who was the first African-American heavyweight champion?
After defeating Tommy Burns in 1908, Jack Johnson became the world’s first African-American heavyweight champion.
What Olympic medal winner wore leg braces until she was nine years old?
After contracting polio, Wilma Rudolph was forced to wear leg braces until she was nine. She later went on to win three gold medals at the 1960 Olympics.
Who is the only African-American man to have won a US Open title?
Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win the US Open in 1968 (coincidentally, this was the first ever US Open). He later became the first black man to win Wimbledon in 1975.
WE GOT 2/10 YAY!!!!!!!
I really like sports, but I’m not good with names!