What’s the EU and what it does?
The European Union is a political and economic partnership between 28 European countries. Each of these countries retain their own separate languages, rich cultures and intersecting yet independent histories, but agree to participate in a democratic system of laws and policies affecting a range of issues, including international relations, human rights and European quality of life. The EU has grown in complexity, size and influence throughout its existence and continues to evolve according to the decisions of its voting member states.
Learn more about the history and current state of the EU with this quiz.
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What is the EU, what it does, the history and the current state of the union.
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What does EU stand for?
EU stands for European Union.
When was the EU established?
Although it wouldn’t be called the EU until 1993, its founding organization, the European Economic Community (EEC), was established in 1958 to promote economic cooperation and interdependence among member states, and thus, reduce likelihood of conflict.
True or False: Once a country joins the EU, it is a permanent member.
EU members have the right to withdraw at any time according to an EU treaty stating “Any Member State may decide to withdraw from the Union in accordance with its own constitutional requirements.” In June 2016, the United Kingdom will hold a referendum to decide whether or not it should stay in the EU.
How many countries were originally in the EU (formerly European Economic Community)?
The six countries were Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany.
How many countries are in the European Union today?
There are 28 countries in the European Union today: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK.
The capitol of the EU is:
Although not officially declared as a capitol, Brussels hosts the official seats of the European Commission, Council of the European Union and the European Parliament.
How many people live in the EU?
As of January 1, 2015, the population of the EU is estimated at about 508.2 million people. The most populous member state is Germany.
The agreement that removed internal border controls between 26 European countries, allowing unrestricted movement of people, goods, services and capital is:
Originally signed on June 14, 1985 by five of the 10 member states of the then European Economic Community, the Schengen Agreement proposed the gradual abolition of border checks at the signatories’ common borders.
Which European Union states do not recognize the Schengen Agreement?
When visiting these countries, you will need to go through border security with your passport.
What’s the monetary currency of the European Union?
The euro was launched in 1999. Out of 28 European Union member states, 19 have adopted the euro.
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