CINCINNATI (AP) — A former Cincinnati-area bartender accused of threatening to kill John Boehner will be released from custody after a federal judge said Tuesday that the man was of low risk to the community and has enough support to live a productive life.

Michael Hoyt, who had worked as a bartender at a country club in Boehner’s suburban community, was accused of threatening to kill the then-U.S. House speaker with a gun or by poisoning his drink. In July, U.S. District Judge Timothy S. Black ruled Hoyt, now 45, was insane at the time of the offense, threatening to kill a U.S. official. He found him not guilty and ordered his evaluation at a federal medical center.

After listening to psychologists and witnesses including Hoyt’s father in a Tuesday hearing, Black said the case is a “lesson for America” that mental illness needs to be recognized as a prevalent issue and that others can help by offering support and being alert to warning signs of problems.

Hoyt, who smiled often and responded “Yes, sir,” to the judge, appeared via video conference from a federal center in Butner, North Carolina.

Black repeatedly praised Hoyt, who has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, for his understanding of his condition and his cooperation with treatments over the past year. Hoyt’s attorneys said he will live initially with his father, will have ongoing monitoring to make sure he takes his medications, and that both he and his family plan to take part in bipolar support groups. Black’s written order stated that it is “far preferable” for someone with mental illness to be cared for by family and community professionals, “rather than be warehoused in prison.”

Black said in the hearing that Hoyt had no history of violence and made his threats during a “manic episode.” He warned him against drinking alcohol and to find a job other than bartending, and told him “no guns.”

“Tonight this judge will sleep soundly, because the decision today is the right decision,” Black said. “Mr. Hoyt, Godspeed.”

Kristina Lloyd, a psychologist at the Butner federal center, said Hoyt had extra scrutiny because of the high-profile case and that he was clearly ready for release.

The judge, referring to Boehner, said U.S. officials need to be able to carry out their duties without being under threat, and he expressed sympathy for him and his wife.

Boehner retired from Congress last month. A message seeking comment was left Tuesday with a spokesman for the West Chester Republican.

Hoyt’s mother was in Butner to drive him home as soon as federal officials there received Black’s order.

“It will be a wonderful Thanksgiving for the Hoyt family,” said defense attorney Martin Pinales.

Court documents stated that Hoyt had a history of mental illness since he was struck on the head in 2012. He was treated for an earlier psychotic episode, but stopped taking his medication, the documents stated.

A criminal complaint filed in November 2014 said Hoyt said he began hearing voices, telling him Boehner was evil and was responsible for Ebola. Hoyt told officers dispatched to his home in the Cincinnati suburb of Deer Park that he had been fired from the country club and “did not have time to put something in John Boehner’s drink.”


Follow Dan Sewell at

For some of his other recent stories:

Selected box set reviews from The Associated Press:

Bruce Springsteen, “The Ties That Bind: The River Collection,” (Columbia) $119.98

No one does deluxe album reissues quite like Springsteen: 22 outtakes, half never before heard, a DVD of a concert from that era (1980) and a new film where he talks about his artistic choices at the time. Even more intriguing, he includes the completed single album he submitted in 1979 only to pull back (he released the double album “The River” a year later). For fun, mix and match your own album: the quality of outtakes like “Chain Lightning,” ”Mary Lou,” ”Party Lights” and others is such that even Springsteen can’t recall now why some made the final album and some were tossed aside.

— David Bauder, AP Entertainment Writer


Aretha Franklin, “The Atlantic Albums Collection” (Atlantic), $89.98

Beginning with the landmark album “I Never Loved a Man the Way I Loved You,” these 16 CDs highlight Franklin’s explosive breakthrough with Atlantic in 1967 after years of struggling with Columbia, and continue through her more erratic output of the 1970s. She is “The Queen of Soul,” but the compilation also showcases Franklin’s embrace of virtually every kind of American music, whether the straight gospel of her “Amazing Grace” live album, the pop standard “You are My Sunshine,” or her bluesy cover of Willie Nelson’s “Night Life.”

Most of her signature hits, including “Respect” and “Think,” can be found on the first four CDs. After that, it’s best to hunt around. Try the moody, intimate ambience of her 1970 album “Spirit in the Dark” or the hard funk of “Rock Steady” from 1972’s “Young, Gifted and Black,” or the reflective “Angel,” from the Quincy Jones-produced “Hey Now Hey (The Other Side of the Sky).”

No booklet or biographical notes are included, but the liner notes for the original records were written by Jon Landau, Nat Hentoff and other top critics of the time. “An incisive dramatist, a conjugator of soul, she gets inside lyrics and shapes them into extensions of herself,” Hentoff writes for “Aretha Arrives,” which came out in 1967. “This is a woman of unremitting, overwhelming vitality.”

— Hillel Italie, AP National Writer


Bob Dylan, “The Cutting Edge 1965-66: The Bootleg Series Vol. 12” (Columbia/Legacy) $149.98

Bob Dylan stopped in mid-song while recording “Mr. Tambourine Man,” unhappy about the arrangement.

“The drumming is driving me mad,” he said. “I’m going out of my brain.”

Even Dylan himself was thrown by his 1965 switch from folk to rock. Fans were outraged, with feedback from concert crowds so negative drummer Levon Helm quit Dylan’s tour.

Half a century later, Dylan going electric is hailed as a defining, glorious moment in his career and the history of rock. The morphing of his music is captured here on a collection of work tapes from the sessions that produced three landmark albums in a 13-month span — “Bringing It All Back Home,” ”Highway 61 Revisited” and “Blonde On Blonde.”

The deluxe six-CD set is an exercise in Dylan immersion. Disc Three, for example, consists solely of various versions of “Like a Rolling Stone.” Experiments with keys, meters, rhythms and tempos leave Dylan laughing, and for folks who can recite every couplet, his last-minute tweaks of lyrics will fascinate. There’s a knock-knock joke, too, and a sampling of “Jingle Bells” recorded in July.

With multiple takes of many songs included in succession, this set’s not for background listening. But then Dylan never was.

— Steven Wine, AP Writer


Frank Sinatra, “The Ultimate Sinatra” (Capitol/UMe)

This centennial compilation does not approach the ultimate Sinatra, even at four CDs, so call it “Starter Sinatra,” or “Tourist Sinatra,” a primer for someone who’s heard the name, but not the music. During his 50-some years in recording studios, Sinatra turned the great American songbook into a personal journal of romance and longing, despair and exhilaration, and the selections here follow a path known to millions of a certain age — from the earnest balladeer on “All or Nothing At All” to the swinging prime of his middle years and on to the paunchy, but spirited final chapter.

The usual hits are accounted for, from “My Way” to “New York, New York,” along with such Sinatra standbys as “All the Way,” ”Fly Me to the Moon” and “I’ve Got You Under My Skin.” Obsessives could compile another 4 CDs of the missing: “I Thought About You” and “Old Devil Moon,” the lovely “If I Had You” and the hypnotic “The Lonesome Road,” his great Irving Berlin covers “Change Partners” and “Be Careful It’s My Heart,” his carousing with Dean Martin and Sammy Davis Jr. on Cole Porter’s “We Open In Venice.” A booklet is included, mostly pictures and random quotes. James Kaplan’s two-volume biography fills in a lot more.

—Hillel Italie, AP National Writer


Otis Redding, “Soul Manifesto: 1964-70” (Atco/Rhino) $69.98

Some consider Otis Redding’s “Live in Europe” the best concert album ever. Others argue it’s not even the best live record by Redding, which speaks to the remarkable depth of his catalog.

The Georgia soul man recorded enough material for 12 albums before dying in a plane crash at age 26 in 1967, and his glorious music is all collected here in a small box free of frills but well worth the bargain price.

The set includes 12 CDs, each packaged in a reproduction of the original LP sleeve. There are no liner notes beyond what’s reprinted on back of each CD jacket.

No matter — the discs include some of the best performances in R&B history. Many follow a familiar formula, with a gutbucket groove and horn jabs behind Redding, who vamps on the fadeout at the three-minute mark. But his wonderful, weathered, old-soul tenor makes every song exciting, and the quality remains consistently high even on four posthumous releases.

As for the concert records: Play “Live in Europe” and “In Person At the Whisky A Go Go” back to back, and the verdict will be easy. They’re both great.

— Steven Wine, AP Writer


The Beatles: “1+” (Apple), $40.99

“Beatles 1+” includes a CD best suited for newcomers — although newcomers likely mean small children or visitors from outer space — and two DVDS that will appeal to specialists and newcomers alike.

The CD reprises the million-selling “1” anthology from 2000, featuring 27 chart-toppers from “Love Me Do” to “The Long and Winding Road,” songs embedded into the consciousness of at least one generation and passed down on a daily basis to the next generation and the next. For obsessives who think they know it all, the DVDs are a happy surprise and a fascinating history of the Beatles’ visual appeal, one barely less influential than their music. The videos combine concert and studio footage, newsreels, home recordings and some truly rare outtakes, including a nonsensical promotional clip for “I Feel Fine” during which Ringo Starr rides an exercise bike.

The DVDs have been flawlessly restored, so bright and vivid you can see the blemishes on George Harrison’s skin and the chip on Paul McCartney’s tooth. They also show a band, especially John Lennon, learning to relate to the ever-present cameras in a pre-MTV universe. Here are the many moods of John: Living it up on “Twist and Shout” and “She Loves You,” frowning and distracted on “Hello, Goodbye,” chewing gum and nonchalant for a world telecast of “All You Need is Love,” bored and strung out on “Let It Be,” soulful on “Don’t Let Me Down.” As the Beatles mime a performance of “We Can Work it Out,” John doesn’t even pretend, making silly faces and clowning on the keyboards until Paul collapses in laughter, the music playing on without them.

— Hillel Italie, AP National Writer


Amy Winehouse, “The Collection,” Island Records/Republic/UMe ($159.99)

Given that she only put out two albums during her short life and one posthumous one, an Amy Winehouse box set may seem like a bit of a reach. But the big lure here is the vinyl: The box set is the only way this format is being released. And it allows more casual fans who only heard of Winehouse with “Rehab” to fall in love with her brilliant debut “Frank” — if “Back to Black” was her “Thriller,” ”Frank” was her “Off The Wall.”

There’s also live material, part of the reason this set is eight discs and 65 tracks. While it’s duplicative — there are two live versions of songs like “(Expletive) Me Pumps” — those performances chart a change in Winehouse. In 2003, during the “Frank” period, she sounds vivacious and her voice strong. Four years later, her voice is sometimes ragged and her enunciation off. Now, it may not have anything to do with the substance abuse that led to her 2011 death — she could have just been tired — but the buoyancy in her earlier work had certainly dissipated.

Still, her uneven performances show the unique gift that Winehouse possessed, which is why “The Collection” is to be cherished — redundant material and all.

— Nekesa Mumbi Moody, AP Entertainment Writer


Alice Cooper “The Studio Albums 1969-1983” (Rhino), $79.99

You’d be hard-pressed to find a better tutorial of what 1970s and early ’80s shock rock was all about than this 15-disc box set from the master of the macabre. It encompasses every album Cooper released, from the 1969 psychedelic “Pretties For You” to 1983’s “Dada.” In between were some of the greatest classic rock songs ever recorded, including “School’s Out,” ”Under My Wheels,” ”Welcome To My Nightmare,” ”I’m Eighteen,” ”Billion Dollar Babies” ”Go To Hell” and “No More Mr. Nice Guy.” It also includes the brilliant “Flush The Fashion,” with the 1980 hit “Clones (We’re All”).

Unlike many box sets, there’s precious little swag here. Each album comes in a mini cardboard sleeve reproducing the front and back covers, but some of the print is so tiny as to be unreadable. Inserts that came with a particular album, such as the billion-dollar bill from “Billion Dollar Babies” are here (again in tiny form), but the real appeal is getting pristine copies of albums that may have been worn by decades of scratches and pops on the vinyl originals.

— Wayne Parry, AP writer


Bob Marley and the Wailers, “The Complete Island Recordings,” (Island Records/UME) $235 for standard edition, $650 for collectors’ edition

Break out the turntables, light one up (where it’s legal), and let the full Bob Marley experience waft over you with “The Complete Island Recordings” box set. Available only on 180-gram vinyl, with no digital downloads, this 11-record set is narrowly targeted to those music aficionados who like their tunes analog, on pressed wax.

But this set of nine studio and two live albums will cost a whole lot more than it would have in the laid-back 1970s when most of them were first released.

The collectors’ edition, which is cleverly packaged in an individually numbered velvet-lined silver metal box set replicating a Zippo lighter and comes with two prints and a turntable slip mat, clocks in at $650. The more economical regular edition foregoes the superfluous prints and mat, and comes in a less-expensive cardboard box for $235.

But the music is the same in both — and that’s what really counts.

The 1973 Island debut “Catch a Fire” through 1983’s “Confrontation,” released posthumously, sound better than ever. Everyone knows the hits like “No Woman, No Cry” and “Stir it Up,” but for fans who never took a deeper dive in Marley’s rich catalog, now is a great time to do it.

—Scott Bauer, AP Writer


Fleetwood Mac, “Tusk: Deluxe Edition” (Rhino) $119.98

Considered a commercial disappointment when it was released in 1979, Fleetwood Mac’s experimental double album “Tusk” is now regarded a creative achievement meriting the full commemorative treatment. This isn’t just a remastered reissue — that came out in 2004. This deluxe edition includes five CDs, two vinyl LPs, a surround-mix audio DVD and extensive liner notes featuring band member commentary on nearly all of the songs.

The collection is comprehensive to the point of overkill. Along with the original remastered tracks and remixes, there’s also an entire version of “Tusk” comprising demos and outtakes. The set includes eight — EIGHT — versions each of the title track and Lindsey Buckingham’s “I Know I’m Not Wrong.” While it’s interesting to hear the evolution of the tunes and the artistry of their creators as they rode high on the success of 1977’s “Rumours” (among other things), only the most obsessive fan or musician would need so many versions of the same song in their personal library.

A treat for any Fleetwood Mac fan, though, are the two CDs of previously unreleased live tracks from the band’s performances in 1979 and ’80, offering listeners a chance to indulge in a 12 ½-minute version of “World Turning” and hear Stevie Nicks’ delight when she realizes fans are singing along with “Landslide.”

— Sandy Cohen, AP Entertainment Writer


Lead Belly, “Lead Belly: The Smithsonian Folkways Collection” (Smithsonian Folkways), $99.98

Huddie Ledbetter, better known as Lead Belly, is enshrined in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, revered as a king of folk music. But his life was a turbulent one, spending stretches in prison due to a sporadic life of crime.

It was during some of those despairing moments, while in prison work crews, where he produced classics such as “The Gallis Pole,” ”Pick A Bale Of Cotton” and “Black Betty.” They’re all here, as well as recordings for radio appearances.

This five-disc set is packaged in a handsome, album-sized picture book that chronicles the life of Lead Belly that took him from penitentiaries to performance halls. Handwritten notes and typewritten song request lists from recording studios are all on fine display.

Lead Belly’s guitar work remains crafty in retrospect. On “The Bourgeois Blues,” his voice is strong and clear while his fingers walk an entertaining bass line. But he’s at his best on “Fannin Street.” His fretboard work here shows a busy intricacy, while maintaining a delicate volume below his voice at times. Near the end of the song it all explodes into a glorious jumble of notes that few others in the genre could handle as well.

When you’re as influential as Lead Belly, this is the kind of treatment you get and deserve.

— Ron Harris, AP Writer


Neko Case, “Truckdriver, Gladiator, Mule, (Anti-) $199.99

Only fans of vinyl records need to seek out this package of eight of Neko Case’s solo albums, since that’s the only format being offered. Starting with 1997’s “The Virginian,” it traces her progression from fairly generic (although energetic) alt-country singer to the more eclectic artist with a golden voice. Of these eight albums, “The Virginian” has never been offered on vinyl and five have been out of print for at least six years. There’s a Case-designed photo book, but no extras — outtakes or alternate versions of songs. And nothing from her work with New Pornographers. As such, it’s a project of limited appeal.

— David Bauder, AP Entertainment Writer


Weather Report, “The Legendary Live Tapes: 1978-1981” (Legacy Recordings, $59.98)

This four-CD box set of previously unreleased live performances, culled from soundboard tapes and bootleg audience recordings, fills a glaring gap in the discography of the legendary electronic jazz-rock-funk band Weather Report, which released only three live albums in its 16-year history.

It’s also noteworthy because it features Weather Report’s seminal lineup with co-founders saxophonist Wayne Shorter and keyboardist Joe Zawinul, fretless electric bass virtuoso Jaco Pastorius, and drummer Peter Erskine, with some tracks adding percussionist Robert Thomas Jr.

The 28 tracks showcase a band that freely crossed musical boundaries, blending cutting-edge electric technology with acoustic sounds, creating unique sonic textures, and delving into world music on such compositions as “Madagascar.”

Weather Report’s high-energy concerts would include stretched out versions of their studio recordings. Highlights include a 21-minute-plus version of “Gibraltar” as well as new looks at some of Weather Report’s best known tunes. Also included are solo improvisations as well as a Shorter-Zawinul duet paying homage to Duke Ellington.

— Charles J. Gans, AP Writer


This story has been corrected to show that the title of the record in the Bob Marley review is “Confrontation,” not “Uprising.”

NEW YORK (AP) — A nonprofit founded to combat obesity says the $1.5 million it received from Coke has no influence on its work.

But emails obtained by The Associated Press show the world’s largest beverage maker was instrumental in shaping the Global Energy Balance Network, which is led by a professor at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Coke helped pick the group’s leaders, edited its mission statement and suggested articles and videos for its website.

In an email last November, the group’s president tells a top Coke executive: “I want to help your company avoid the image of being a problem in peoples’ lives and back to being a company that brings important and fun things to them.”

Coke executives had similarly high hopes. A proposal circulated via email at the company laid out a vision for a group that would “quickly establish itself as the place the media goes to for comment on any obesity issue.” It said the group would use social media and run a political-style campaign to counter the “shrill rhetoric” of “public health extremists” who want to tax or limit foods they deem unhealthy.

When contacted by the AP about the emails, Coca-Cola Co. CEO Muhtar Kent said in a statement that “it has become clear to us that there was not a sufficient level of transparency with regard to the company’s involvement with the Global Energy Balance Network.”

“Clearly, we have more work to do to reflect the values of this great company in all that we do,” Kent said.

The Atlanta-based company told the AP it has accepted the retirement of its chief health and science officer, Rhona Applebaum, who initially managed the relationship with the group. It said it will not fill the position as it overhauls how it goes about its health efforts. It also said it has stopped working with the Global Energy Balance Network.

It’s just the latest example of Coke working with outside experts to promote messages that benefit the company.

Coke has long maintained that the academics and other experts it works with espouse their own views. But the collaborations can be fraught and blur the lines between advertisements and genuine advice. In February, several health and fitness experts paid by the company wrote online posts with tips on healthy habits. Each suggested a mini-soda as a snack idea.

One dietitian wrote five such posts in less than a year.

The Global Energy Balance Network came under fire in August after The New York Times reported it was funded by Coke. On Nov. 6, the University of Colorado School of Medicine said it was returning $1 million from the company because of the distraction it was creating. The University of South Carolina said it plans to keep $500,000 it received from Coke because one of its professors is also among the group’s leaders. The school said there was no misuse of funds.

On its website, the Global Energy Balance Network says it received an “unrestricted gift” from Coke, but that the company has “no input” into its activities.

Behind the scenes, however, Coke executives and the group’s leaders held meetings and conference calls to hash out the group’s mission and activities, according to emails obtained through a public records request. Early on, Applebaum informed the group’s president, James Hill, that those involved would need to be open about collaboration with private industry.

“That is non-negotiable,” she wrote.

Relatively minor matters, such as the group’s logo, were also covered.

“Color will not be an issue — except for blue. Hope you can understand why,” Applebaum.

Coke’s cans are red, while Pepsi’s are blue.

“It seems like another one of these classic cases of money coming from industry with no strings attached — that’s the official message. But it’s a very different kind of story taking place,” said Leigh Turner, an associate professor at the University of Minnesota’s Center for Bioethics who studies academic integrity and conflicts of interest.

The exchanges weren’t strictly limited to discussions about the group, and included Applebaum expressing approval or disapproval of health articles, and talk of other work with Coke. In an email to another Coke executive, Hill proposes research on “energy balance” that would be “very specific to coke interests.”

Coke has long stressed the idea of “energy balance,” or the need to offset calorie intake with physical activity. It’s a basic concept few would disagree with, but critics say the company uses it to downplay the effects of sugary drinks by shifting more attention to the need for exercise.

In an introductory video, one of the Global Energy Balance Network’s leaders said the media focuses on “eating too much, eating too much, eating too much — blaming fast food, blaming sugary drinks and so on.” The video has since been taken down, and the group said the idea that it only focuses on physical activity is inaccurate.

Hill declined a request for a phone interview, but said in an email that the group’s strategy benefits “all who are concerned about obesity.” He said Coke provided input into the group’s “organizational structure,” but that it was understood the company would be “hands off.”

The group wants to continue its work, he said.

Since 2010, Coke said it gave $550,000 to Hill that was unrelated to the group. A big part of that was research he and others were involved with, but the figure also covers travel expenses and fees for speaking engagements and other work. It does not include money from Coke’s overseas divisions or industry groups such as the American Beverage Association.


Follow Candice Choi at

WASHINGTON (AP) — Hillary Rodham Clinton wants voters to know she is no friend of Wall Street. But Wall Street has frequently been a friend to her.

In the 18 months prior to announcing her second campaign for president, the front-runner for the Democratic nomination addressed private equity investors in California, delivered remarks to bankers in Hilton Head, South Carolina and spoke to brokers at the Ritz-Carlton in Naples, Florida.

Her efforts capped a nearly 15-year period in which Clinton and her husband, former President Bill Clinton, made at least $35 million by giving 164 speeches to financial services, real estate and insurance companies after leaving the White House in 2001, according to an Associated Press analysis of public disclosure forms and records released by her campaign.

The long and lucrative relationship between the Clinton family and the nation’s finance industry has emerged as a key issue in her Democratic primary race. Her rivals, including Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders, accuse her of being too cozy with Wall Street and the industry she once represented as a senator from New York.

Her backers at financial firms say they have little expectation her family’s personal profits will influence her policymaking, noting their own opposition to her plan to raise taxes on the hedge fund and private equity profits known as carried interest.

“She and Bill were both government servants all of their life and there was a set period of time when they could make money,” venture capitalist Alan Patricof, a longtime Clinton fundraiser, said of the Clintons’ paid speechmaking. “She had to maximize her earning potential.”

The Clinton campaign also points to her record, saying it shows a history of working to regulate the industry. Negative ads run by a group called Future 45, a super PAC backed by six-figure checks from hedge fund managers, demonstrate that Wall Street expects her to follow through on her proposals, aides said.

“Any honest look at Hillary Clinton’s record shows she spoke out early and often against Wall Street’s excesses in the run-up to the financial crisis,” said campaign spokesman Brian Fallon. “It’s clear they believe she will take action as president to crack down on the industry’s abuses

The bulk of the Clintons’ paid speeches to the financial industry came after the 2008 economic crash. From 2009 to 2014, the couple made $26 million from 109 appearances sponsored by banks, insurance companies, hedge funds, private equity firms and real estate businesses, and at those industries’ conferences and before their trade organizations.

With Hillary Clinton serving as secretary of state for most of that period, her husband brought in the bulk of the funds, earning nearly $17 million. That included $250,000 Bill Clinton made for mingling with investment managers in New York on May 12 — thirty days after Hillary Clinton released a video announcing her second bid for the White House.

What the Clintons said in their speeches is hard to find. Although many of the remarks were given to large groups, any broadcast or transcription was typically barred — along with the press.

Still, some details have trickled out.

Sometimes the subject was foreign affairs. Sometimes it was more personal.

“It’s so important for women like us to get out of our comfort zones and be willing to fail. I’ve done that, too, on a very large stage,” she said, according to a report in the real estate blog The Real Deal, which attended her October 2014 speech to the annual convention of the Commercial Real Estate Women Network in Miami Beach.

Beyond the personal income, Clinton also has close political ties to the finance industry. Over the course of her career, from her 2000 run for Senate to the two presidential campaigns, people working in the finance, insurance and real estate industries have given her campaigns about $35 million — more than donors from any other lines of work, according to the Center for Responsive Politics.

Since her husband left the White House, the family’s charity, the Clinton Foundation, has collected millions more from the industry, with several Wall Street banks down for as much as $5 million each.

While Clinton doesn’t rule out breaking up the big banks, she argues that restoring Glass-Steagall, the law that once separated commercial and investment banking, wouldn’t go far enough to curb risk. Instead, she would impose a graduated fee on large financial firms that would increase as companies held greater amounts of debt. A separate tax would be levied on high-frequency trading, and she has vowed tougher criminal penalties for individuals who break the rules.

“I go after not just the banks,” Clinton told Democrats in North Charleston, South Carolina, on Saturday. “I go after the hedge funds, big insurance companies, shadow banking.”

Those proposals aren’t worrying her backers on Wall Street, who argue that her time representing New York gives Clinton a deep understanding of how their industry works.

But the proposals also don’t do much to win support from some who feel a better choice for their industry will be found among the GOP’s candidates.

Donors working in the finance and insurance industry have given $22 million to Texas Sen. Ted Cruz and $21 million to former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush and their affiliated super PACs — roughly three times as much as to Clinton and the outside group supporting her, according to, a nonpartisan political research company.


Associated Press writer Julie Bykowicz contributed to this report from Washington.


Follow Lisa Lerer and Ken Thomas on Twitter at: and

DOVER, Del. (AP) — Use of force reports and personnel evaluations suggest that Dover police knew that a white officer charged with assaulting a black suspect in 2013 by kicking him in the head had a predilection for using unwarranted physical force.

The attorney for Cpl. Thomas Webster IV says prosecutors should not be allowed to use the internal police records at Webster’s trial next week.

Police dashcam video shows Webster kicking Lateef Dickerson while Dickerson was on his hands and knees, breaking his jaw.

Prosecutors have reviewed 29 prior use-of-force reports for Webster and are seeking to point to three specific incidents in which he struck suspects in the face.

A 2006 departmental evaluation notes that there had been times when Webster should have tried “lesser degrees of force to accomplish an objective.”

NEW YORK (AP) — On a recent morning, Delta Air Lines Flight 435 pushed back early from the gate at New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport. Passengers watched the safety video and settled in for a six-hour trip.

Then they waited. And waited.

Still within sight of the gate, their jet sat motionless due to airport congestion. It wasn’t until 30 minutes after passengers buckled in that they were finally in the sky.

It’s a scene playing out across the country. According to an Associated Press analysis, airplanes spent 23 minutes and 32 seconds, on average, taxiing between gates and runways during the first nine months of the year. That’s the longest it has been since the Bureau of Transportation Statistics started tracking taxi times in 1995 and a 50-second increase over last year’s average.

For passengers, the rising delays add to the frustrations of travel. A plane might land early but then sit waiting for a gate to open up. Flights are still arriving “on time” but only because airlines have increased scheduled flying times to account for the added taxi times. The Delta flight made it to the gate in San Francisco 10 minutes ahead of schedule despite the takeoff delays.

The creep in taxi times is attributed to a series of changes: massive runway construction projects at some of the nation’s busiest airports; schedule changes that increase the number of flights at peak hours; and new, distant runways that relieve congestion but require more time to reach.

“It’s death by a thousand cuts,” says Vikram Krishnan, a partner in the aviation practice of consultancy Oliver Wyman.

The problems on the ground are costing airlines dearly.

“Two, three, four, five minutes in a fleet of 500 planes a day is significant amounts of money,” says aviation consultant Mike Boyd.

That translates into hundreds of millions of dollars extra in operating costs so far this year, according to AP calculations factoring in average operating costs including pilot and flight attendant salaries.

Airlines say the longer taxi times are baked into schedules, so planes generally still arrive on time. So far this year, 79 percent of flights have been at the gate within 15 minutes of their scheduled time, the best performance since 2012.

Passengers might be spending more time on planes, but airlines are better managing their expectations by increasing scheduled times. That masks some of the problems, like taxi delays.

For instance, ten years ago the average scheduled time from gate to gate between Chicago and San Francisco was 4 hours and 32 minutes. Today, flights are scheduled for an extra 11 minutes, according to — even though airports in the two cities are the same 1,846 miles apart.

All it takes are a few problems at some of the country’s busiest airports to drive up the national taxi time average.

The top offender in the past year was Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport. Of all the additional taxi time minutes in the nation, one of out of five extra minutes can be traced back to delays at O’Hare.

Planes in Chicago this year spent an average of 1 minute and 18 seconds extra navigating the taxiways. And taxi times are up 3 minutes and 24 seconds from five years ago, a 20-percent increase. Those delays add up considering that O’Hare had 227,358 flights during the first nine months of this year.

Most of the problems at O’Hare stem from a construction project that is reconfiguring taxiways and runways. The long-term goal is to reduce congestion but delays racked up during the construction. A new runway did just open, but further away from the airport’s terminals. Longer trips from that runway are not yet reflected in government data.

In an email to the AP, O’Hare officials note that taxi times “will fluctuate as construction phases are started or finished” and that the work is helping to reduce delays in the sky around the airport.

Delays have also been climbing at the two main airports in Dallas, but for different reasons.

At Dallas Love Field, taxi times are up two minutes, or 13-percent, so far this year. That’s the highest percent gain of any major airport. Home to Southwest Airlines, Love Field saw the number of scheduled flights during the first nine months of this year spike 41 percent to 47,438 after the repeal of a federal law restricting most long-distance flights from that airport.

Terry L. Mitchell, the airport’s assistant director for operations, says the increase in flights, construction projects and the use of a further runway to reduce noise concerns of neighbors all led to the run up in taxi times. Now that construction is complete and the airport at capacity, he expects no further growth in taxi times.

Across town at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, taxi times climbed two and a half minutes, or 11.7 percent. In this case, the increase was due to new scheduling procedures by American Airlines, which carries 82 percent of the passengers at the airport.

American groups together large numbers of flights in Dallas — and its other hubs — to allow passengers easy connections. In March, the airline reconfigured its schedule so more flights arrive and depart in a narrower band of time. That meant shorter layovers in the airport, more connection options for passengers and more revenue opportunities for the airline. However, the adjustments also extended taxi times. American accounted for those increases in its schedule.

“When they try to cram as many flights as possible into their hubbing complexes,” says airline consultant Paul Sterbenz, “they create logjams.”


Follow Scott Mayerowitz at His work can be found at